Tuesday, December 25, 2012

Dismantling Apartheid

In 1943, during World War II, young members of the ANC, critical of what they considered its passivity, create their own organization, the Congress Youth League (CYL). Anton Lembede, president of the CYL from 1944 until his finis in 1947, stressed that South Africa was a black mans country, in which the concerns of Africans should take precedence. He argued that African society was socialistic, but, because he considered the conflict in South Africa to be primarily a racial rather than a class struggle, he repudiated either alliance with the Communist Party in bringing about national liberation. After the war and Lembedes death, and faced by the carrying into action of apartheid, the CYLs leading, Peter Mda, Jordan Ngubane, Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, and Walter Sisulu, strove to take charge of the ANC. They called on the organization to read the use of strikes, boycotts, stay-at-homes, and various forms of civil disobedience and non-cooperation to make the apartheid corpse unworkable. The ANC and the SAIC, led by Yusuf Dadoo, organized mass rallies and stay-at-homes for April 6 and June 26. These actions displace the support of thousands of men and women.
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The government reacted by banning leaders and newspapers under the Suppression of Communism Act and by stunning participants in the demonstrations. By December 1952, approximately 8,500 people had been arrested, most of them in the Cape, and the Defiance Campaign had largely come to an devastation without bringing about any change in the laws. The ANC had big(p) enormously, however: its paid membership had increased from fewer than 7,000 at the beginning of 1952 to more than 100,000 by the end of the year. Its leadership had in like manner changed: James Moroka had been dismissed in disgrace for having pleaded guilty to charges dictated under the Suppression of Communism Act, and Albert Luthuli had been made president. House arrests, bannings, and another(prenominal) forms of government restriction limited the ability of ANC and SAIC leaders... If you want to raise a full essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com

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