Friday, May 31, 2019

Essay --

In Black Swan, a concert dance dancer named Nina is casted to play both the White Swan and the Black Swan in the famous ballet titled Swan Lake. In the well-known opera, a princess is turned into a White Swan, who falls in love with a prince but then commits felo-de-se when she finds out that the prince confessed his love to the Black Swan. In the movie Black Swan, Nina has to deal with the challenges that arise from trying to accurately portray both characters whom are completely opposite. It is faint for Nina to be the White Swan. She is innocent and controlled. However, it was very hard for her to become the dark, seductive, and mysterious Black Swan. To fully become this character, Nina has to deal with the struggles of becoming the opposite of who she really is. This results in many hallucinations that involve harming herself. She also starts to imagine things that are not really happening. Eventually, Nina has psychotic episodes when she truly becomes the Black Swan. Wheneve r she takes a step into her transformation, she has hallucinations such as having char feathers come out of her skin. It also seems as if Nina is obsessed with perfection because she even tries to kill herself. The true reality is not what she sees because she is so trapped in the innovation of Swan Lake. Nina fits the redact of many different mental disorders. I, however, personally think that Nina portrays the symptoms of a person with schizophrenia. In the DSM-5, it states that schizophrenia is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, and otherwise symptoms that cause social or occupational dysfunction. It is required that a person have at least two of these symptoms. It is clear throughout the movie that Nina has hallucinations that ... ... the mold of a dancer. The fact that Nina has an eating disorder shows that it is not rare for people with schizophrenia to display symptoms of another disorder. One of the myths displayed in Black Swa n is slightly how people with schizophrenia are all paranoid. Throughout the movie, Nina becomes more paranoid about losing her leading role and even stabs herself with a piece of glass, believing that she stabbed Lily. wad with schizophrenia are not all paranoid.Overall, I think Black Swan was very intriguing and proved to be an accurate display of psychotic dysfunction, particularly schizophrenia. This movie required critical thinking in order to be able to put together the pieces and to understand the depth of schizophrenia. Even though this movie showed the darker side of schizophrenia, I still recommend it to anyone who has an interest in this mental disorder.

Thursday, May 30, 2019

Catcher In The Rye- Movie Proposal Essay -- essays research papers

Movie ProposalThe Catcher in the RyeTo the ProducerThe Catcher in the Rye, a contemporary novel by J.D. Salinger, is a thought-provoking, fascinating look at societys values and issues in the 1950s. This book would make an excellent convert to film because it is full of both action and implication. It focuses on a four-day period of time in the life of a sixteen-year-old cynic with emotional problems. The book follows Holden Caulfield as he struggles with others and himself to find his way through the phoniness and disillusionment involved in his adolescent life. These struggles essentially make up the novel, occurring during a long flashback of the four long time as he relates them to a psychoanalyst. It would make a brilliant characterisation because it is written with so much detail, so many pictures that would be beautifully expressed through visual representation. Not only that, but the novel possesses substance, providing a subjective view of the superficiality of modern l ife, which is represented by the world Salinger creates virtually Holden.Summary The photographic film would be named after the novel it is based on, and would attempt to follow the exact storyline. Pencey Prep, the private school that Holden attended would not have to be in Pennsylvania, but somewhere resembling the area. Most of the city incidents would actually be filmed in New York City. Of course, certain streets would have to be singled out, and the costuming and cars, etc., would have to resemble1950s New York in order to fit the time period.The movie would be narrated by Holden, who would stop talking at times to allow focus on the flashbacks taking place in what would then seem like present tense. Much of the narration does not need to be put into dialogue because Holden spends a great deal of time in his descriptions of what is going on around him. This aspect of the book would have to be carried out carefully and precisely by actors with the right kind of talent (see Ch aracters/Acting) in order to make the movie successful in capturing Salingers exact tones and concepts. Note the main objective of the movie is to present The Catcher in the Rye in visual format. This means to follow as closely as possible to the original plot, dialogue, settings, etc. as written in the book unless truly impo... ...ovel, whether obviously or inconspicuously. The novel accurately describes most of the other characters, because of Holdens observant nature. All details given(p) by Holden should be carried out accordingly.The movie would be best directed by Stephen Spielberg, because of his ability to keep movies true to nature, and still produce a induce story. This would be an excellent project for him because the objective of the film is to do exactly what Spielberg did with movies such as Schindlers List and Saving Private Ryan to take a story, fiction or non-, and portray it as a emotionally moving picture, while keeping it true to the original vision.The movie spin-off of The Catcher in the Rye should accurately represent the novel written by J.D. Salinger. The budget for the film should be whatever is deemed necessary by the director to make the movie as realistic and well done as possible. The budget should not be a consideration because it would hinder the quality of the film and therefore not allow it to live up to the wonderful the novel could have as a film. If carried out well, this film would be a huge success.

Wednesday, May 29, 2019

color purple :: essays research papers

Power of the WordWhile reading The semblance colour I was shocked by the development of Celies inner-self. Her entire being was defined by those approximately her. It appeargond as if Celie had no hand in creating who she was. I could picture Shug, Mr., and Her father molding Celies body like a piece of clay until Celie truly believed she was an ugly, dumb, and worthless servant. It was shocking to see the destructive office of something as simple as words. Words seem to have the single handed ability to destroy life itself. The power of the word in The Color Purple particularly struck me because I was simultaneously reading The Four Agreements by Don Miguel Ruiz. The Four Agreements is about the wisdom of the ancient Toltec. The Toltec is a course of thinking about life, and of filling ones life with happiness and love. According to Ruiz, the problem with most of us is that we have allowed the world around us to create our agreements for us. Our parents instilled beliefsagreem entsinto us from the time we started trying to make sense of the world around us. And what we arewho each of us is as an individual human beingis determined by our agreements. Ultimately, who we are is defined by what we believe and our beliefs shape the world around us.In order to redefine ourselves the Toltec teaches that there are four agreements which we must attain to live by. The first and most important agreement is to be impeccable with your word. The word gives the power to create. The word creates the world around us and is therefore a tool of magic. However, as Ruiz says our word is a double-edged sword, and we can use it to create a beautiful dream, or we can use it to destroy e rattlingthing around us. Misusing the word creates a living hell. Being impeccable with our word creates beauty, love, and heaven on earth. Ruiz continues to explain that the human mind is a fertile ground where opinions, ideas, and concepts are constantly being planted. Because the word is magi c, humans are like magicians, and they are capable of casting spells. If the parents tell a child repeatedly that she is not very pretty, or that he is not very smart, the child will accept this as true. It will become an agreement in the mind of the child.

Should the 22nd Admendment be Repealed Essay -- essays research papers

In the political world today there atomic number 18 so many different opinions about several different topics. The topics that I ordain address to you will be, should the 22nd Amendment be repealed and also should the foreign born be allowed to run for president. In both topics you may have your pros and cons, that I am strongly against the both of them because I feel that the Constitution should not be taken advantage of. Government should not be allowed to fake the Constitution to suit his or her needs. While making adjustments to the Constitution to allow different things to take place for convenience doesnt leave any course respect of the Constitution. There should be a line drawn to keep this from happening for years to come on these issues and others as well. Some will same for the 22nd amendment to repealed to keep who they like in office, but my feeling towards this is give other the opportunity to make our world a better place. There are more than enough qualified peop le to make a difference for our country no need to stick to one person who eventually will get tired of it anyway. In addition, with the foreign born, this issue came to play all over Schwarzenegger getting backed up by Congress and other governors in California to try to make necessary changes to the Constitution (CNN News, 2004).According to the US Term Limits, the 22nd amendment states, No person shall be elected to the office of the professorship more than twice, and no person who has held the office of Preside...

Tuesday, May 28, 2019

Le Morte Darthur: The Seven Deadly Sins Essay -- essays research paper

The seven deadly netherworlds are spoken of often and frequently in every day life for that is what they are affected with. All of these sins can intertwine to form a domino effect of actions and reactions that link to all of the sins. Once champion is committed, it starts easier to fall into the former(a)s for they are all interlinked. This is prevalent in Malorys Le Morte DArthur as proven by the acts committed by the various characters throughout the book.When looked at as separate words, the definition of the phrase, the "seven deadly sins", becomes clearer. Starting with "seven", being the chosen number of dealings, following with "deadly", meaning fatal, proceeding to die, or to become deceased and finally "sins", wrongful doings according to religiosity. So from the breakd bear of the specific words it can be said that the expression, the seven deadly sins, nub that there are seven, not two, not four, but seven wrongful doings that upon exe cution become fatal.Now that the phrase has been fully explained and hopefully understood, it is time to crusade on to the actual seven sins that are deadly. The first of the seven sins is greed, being the insatiate longing for or the keenly intense desire for something being of existent value or not, that is usually not thought of to be achieved in an moral way. The second sin is gluttony, meaning the overindulgence in anything, great zest for anything, such as food for example. The third sin is wrath, meaning extreme anger or feeling of vengeance. The forth sin is sloth, being severe tree sloth or lack of enthusiasm to do anything. The fifth sin is envy, meaning the coveting of anything that is not rightfully owned by the coveter, grudging contemplation of more prosperous people and of their advantages. The sixth sin is lechery, being sexual lust or lust for anything, to live in gluttony. The seventh, and last of the sins is pride, being the overweening opinion of ones own qu alities, merits, often personified as arrogant. All of these are classified as sins because they are morally wrong and can make a person unpure.Le Morte DArthur is a baloney of many knights and endless battles. In this legend, many of the seven deadly sins surpassed and this is what will be looked at. With the first of the sins being greed, it is evident that many of the knights committed this sin. These knights wer... ...me fortunately Tintagil is however ten miles from here. Merlin helps Pendragon fool Igraine into sleeping with him. He has sexual lust for her as defined in sin number six, lechery.The seventh and final sin is pride which can been seen when Gwynevere casted Launcelot out because of her foolish pride.Good Sir Launcelot, do not be discouraged Remember that you are the greatest knight living and that many authorized matters at this court lie in your hands. It is well known that women are inherently changeable, and often repent of their anger. Therefore I suggest t hat you ride no farther than the hermitage at Wyndesore, where the good hermit Sir Brastius will care for you, and wait there until we have better tidings for you. Because of Gwyneveres foolish pride, she cannot forgive Launcelot for having to be with other women to avert the attention from his relationship with her.The seven deadly sins can ruin ones life, as it did many characters in Le Morte DArthur. The sins are in place to chide people of their outcome, and yet still they commit them. The seven deadly sins may not lead to immediate death, but have definite malevolent products that should be taken into account by all.

Le Morte Darthur: The Seven Deadly Sins Essay -- essays research paper

The seven caustic sins are spoken of often and frequently in every day life for that is what they are affected with. All of these sins can intertwine to form a domino effect of actions and reactions that link to all of the sins. in one case one is committed, it becomes easier to fall into the others for they are all interlinked. This is prevalent in Malorys Le Morte DArthur as proven by the acts committed by the various characters throughout the book.When looked at as separate words, the definition of the phrase, the "seven deadly sins", becomes clearer. Starting with "seven", creation the chosen number of dealings, following with "deadly", meaning fatal, proceeding to die, or to become deceased and lowestly "sins", wrongful doings according to religiosity. So from the breakdown of the specific words it can be said that the expression, the seven deadly sins, means that there are seven, not two, not four, but seven wrongful doings that upon executio n become fatal.Now that the phrase has been fully explained and hopefully understood, it is quantify to move on to the actual seven sins that are deadly. The first of the seven sins is greed, being the insatiate longing for or the keenly intense desire for something being of material value or not, that is usually not thought of to be achieved in an moral way. The second sin is gluttony, meaning the overindulgence in anything, extensive appetite for anything, such as food for example. The third sin is wrath, meaning extreme anger or feeling of vengeance. The forth sin is sloth, being bare laziness or lack of enthusiasm to do anything. The fifth sin is envy, meaning the coveting of anything that is not rightfully owned by the coveter, grudging contemplation of much fortunate people and of their advantages. The sixth sin is lechery, being sexual lust or lust for anything, to live in gluttony. The seventh, and last of the sins is p cause, being the overweening position of ones own qualities, merits, often personified as arrogant. All of these are classified as sins because they are morally wrong and can make a person unpure.Le Morte DArthur is a tale of more knights and endless battles. In this legend, many of the seven deadly sins surpassed and this is what will be looked at. With the first of the sins being greed, it is evident that many of the knights committed this sin. These knights wer... ...me luckily Tintagil is only ten miles from here. Merlin helps Pendragon fool Igraine into sleeping with him. He has sexual lust for her as defined in sin number six, lechery.The seventh and final sin is pride which can been seen when Gwynevere casted Launcelot out because of her foolish pride.Good Sir Launcelot, do not be discouraged Remember that you are the greatest knight living and that many important matters at this court lie in your hands. It is well known that women are inherently changeable, and often repent of their anger. Therefore I suggest that you rid e no farther than the hermitage at Wyndesore, where the good hermit Sir Brastius will care for you, and wait there until we have better tidings for you. Because of Gwyneveres foolish pride, she cannot forgive Launcelot for having to be with other women to avert the attention from his relationship with her.The seven deadly sins can ruin ones life, as it did many characters in Le Morte DArthur. The sins are in holding to warn people of their outcome, and yet still they commit them. The seven deadly sins may not lead to immediate death, but have definite evil products that should be taken into account by all.

Monday, May 27, 2019

Charles Perrault Bio Essay

Charles Perrault is a known French poet and author recognized for writing the Mother Goose fairy tales. He was the seventh child from his father capital of South Dakota Perrault and mother Paquette Le Clerc, born on January 12 of 1628 in Paris, France and and so died and indefinite death which means it is undefined that was on May 16, 1703. He was a Roman Catholic. He married Marie Guichon in 1672 when she was nineteen years old, with her he had three children and when delivering the third one Marie passed while giving birth in 1678, which left over(p) them to be married for only six years. After her death Perrault never remarried. Career wise Perrault didnt start out as a poet he was actually a lawyer who was in charge of royal buildings in 1660.Perrault also took a huge share in the making of the Academy of Sciences and the regeneration of the Academy of Painting. But then later on he worked in the Academic Franaise where he played an important role of literacy disagreement as many know today had to do with the clash between the Ancients and the Moderns, to which Charles coincided with the Moderns.Perrault then decided he was going to spend the rest of his lifetime promoting the education of literature and the arts. Where then he started to become a well-known as a poet with stories such as Red Riding Hood, Puss in Boots, Cinderella, and Donkeyskin. Donkeyskin is a famous French literacy and was republished by Perrault in 1697 with a little help from Andrew Lang another popular poet. Donkeyskin was the French version of Cinderella. There are plenty of versions of Donkeyskin but Perraults is the most well-known and made him popular.

Sunday, May 26, 2019

New Play Plan Essay

1. Is the ac high society at the point where it should be setting up a formal salary coordinate based on a complete vocation evaluation? Why?Yes, by setting up a formal salary coordinate is be fair to the employees because the salary being paid based on the job task rather than present the salary based on gender. When the salary structure being fair, it leads satisfaction among the employees and as a result the turnover go out be at low rate. Besides, the company also can control their financial operation by doing budget allocation planning for their business operation. Moreover, the formal salary structure will make the employees clear on the sum total pay for his or her job position. Thus, it can make easier to the related manager to do a process of salary payment.2. Is knave Carters policy of give 10% much(prenominal) than the accustomed rates a sound one, and how could that be determined?First of all, First of all, according to this case, carter does not make any f ormal surveys, it is a correct action for Carter. Carter should pay much attention to the requirements of employees for building a formal pay policy. Secondly, Carter Company should pay different salaries for different job part rather than gender. Thirdly, it can determine a jobs relative worth by job evaluation. However, Jake has no enough evidence for building a pay policy. In our opinion, Carter may choose a job evaluation commitment to ensure right pay policies.As far as we concerned, Jake Carters policy of paying 10% more than the prevailing rates is sensible. There argon five steps for making a rational pay plan. Primarily, employer conducts unceremonious salary survey and formal survey. Then employers use salary survey to know what others are paying. Secondly, Carter chooses job evaluation methods to determine the worth of one job. Thirdly, the company pays the similar salary for similar jobs. Fourthly, Carter can use a wage curve to help assign pay rates to each job. Then it is light to price jobs with a wage curve. Lastly, we know Carter does not develop pay ranges. whence, it is important for developing pay ranges to prompt high performance employees.At the resembling time, Carter needs tocorrect out-of line rates. In this case, we disagree that men and women have different salary, it is unfair. Thus, Carter must ensure that men and women are paid comparably for essentially the aforementioned(prenominal) work. Jack Carters policy of paying 10% more than the prevailing rates a sound one because he believes that within the high payment he could reduce the turnover among the employee and also at the same time can fostering the employee loyalty to organization. It could be determined by providing facts that Jack pays the 10% more to the worker. Besides, its very much better, if the payment done to the workers that are set uping the loyalty to the organization.3. Similarly, is Carters male-female differential wise? If not, why not?Our opinion, the answer is no, Carters shop does not have male-female differential wise. And they are also equal to their employees. Because Carter Cleaning Centers do not make a formal and legal wage structure to their employees, and at the same time Carte Cleaning Centers also does not use a good compensable factors to their employees, it will cause some bad effects to their employees and it also bring about different treatment. Wages rates are based mostly on those prevailing in the surrounding community. According to the Equal Pay Act of 1963, it requires that men and women who do the same job in the same organization should receive the same pay.The term same pay refer to no difference is acceptable. In addition the law, also defines that one consider as doing the same level of job if they are equal in term of skills, effort, responsibility and working condition. However, the Equal Pay Act of 1963 includes four exceptions that allow employers to pay another gender more than another. Some of those exceptions are same(p) more seniority, better job performance, greater quantity or quality of production and lastly certain other factors like paying extra to employees that working the night shift.Back to this case study, there is no such exceptions includes in the reason provided by the Jack as to unfreeze why he decided to pay 20% more than woman to men workers. The reason provided by him is they are stronger and can work hard for all-night hours and also they all have family to support. This justification is the one that cant be acceptable at all if refer to the lawand it also show discrimination towards the female worker. This is because, according to Equal Pay Act 1963, rather than the four exceptions as mention above, female and male workers should receive the same amount of payment if they hold the same job that are substantially equal.In addition, this unwise decision of Jack Carters policy will result in many negative effects such as increase in turnover among fem ale worker, job dissatisfaction. Besides, there will be also more arguments in come in to get an equal pay rate and lastly it will lead to an unproductively result to the organization.Question 4 Specifically, what would you suggest Jennifer do now with respect to her companys pay plan?For the development of the company, there are several suggestions from us to Jennifer do now with respect to her companys pay plan. More details about the suggestion will be discussed in the following paragraph.First, in the question 1, we had mentioned this point, setting up a formal salary structure. Based on this point, for the employees, they will feel more fair and unambiguous about how much they can get and it also makes the managing easier and more clearly for managers, there are strict certain structure to avoid the unfair things happen.Second, make a necessary formal survey in order to determining the amount that company should pay at what type of job responsibilities in order to avoid the mi stake such as imbalances of salary payment. No matter what careful we are, we also would make some errors, so recheck the results are very necessary and important. In the case, the company conducts informal surveys among friends and cleaners trade associates. By doing this, it would reduce the cost and it is good for getting vast and direct information. But the independent information source could give great risks to the company in the future. Therefore a formal survey to the employees is more powerful rather than informal survey in order to get feedbacks from employees regarding the pay system.Third, about the policy of paying 10% more than the prevailing rates, as a company, profit is the first thing. Although, this policy can foster employee loyalty, but to the long-term, the employees will accustom this situation and cannot motivate them to do better. Changing the policy like rewarding the outstanding employees with this policy, not all, this not only can reduce the cost, but a lso can motivate employees to get the higher prevailing rates.Fourth, abolish the policy of paying men about 20% more than women for the same job. Although her fathers explained that men are stronger and can work harder for longer hours, and besides they all have families to support, this policy considered bias to the men employees and of course it can course dissatisfaction to the women employees and they will feel unfairly treated. In pay system, it is better to have an official approved procedure on determining the right employees whos qualify to be rewarded on the bonuses or salary increment and it should be based on the employees work performance. Dont do like that, regarding somebody who work hard and better is effective method.

Saturday, May 25, 2019

Pip’s family Essay

In chapter one of the story we discover that Pips family is deceased, well apart from his sister. They all died from common diseases alike(p) flu and measles and other illnesses which some were treatable but, treat was not affordable for the poor. The social conditions in the nineteenth century were unfortunate. There wasnt much medicine and thither were no cure for common diseases and there was a lot of poverty, poor people had to work which includes kidskinren working in factories, there wasnt in the least of procreation for the poor. This all tells us that life was hard to live in Britain in the nineteenth century if you were poor. Today in Britain it is greatly different, there is less poverty, more than education, affordable prices for medicine, children dont need to work to support there family, also there is the NHS health service and there is child benefit along with income support.Pip encounters an escaped convict when he goes to see his mothers grave. Pip was petrifie d when he saw this convict he was an awful man and was chained up to his legs. In those days all convicts were known as murders so when Pip met him he was horrified. Then the convict forces Pip to bring down food to eat and a filer to break lose from the chains on his hands and legs.In Pips village the standard of education was important but the poor often couldnt afford it. Only the rich and tight families were able to afford education. Poor people werent pass judgment to get educated in Pips village. Pip was expected to work and support his family when he was older. Pip wanted to become a dark-skinned smith like Joe. Charles Dickens wants to create a miserable impression ab out education among the working classes. He wants to show how unfortunate children were in the working classes as they sewer not get any education and had to support there families. The children of wealthier families received different standard of education from the poorer families.They werent amongst the working classes, they didnt need to work to support there families they could afford education as well as medicine, which means that life wasnt bad for rich and wealthy families. Joe and Pip are extraordinarily good friends Because Joe is a fully grown man and Pip is a youngster and there relationship is in truth underwrite and close, they can talk to each other in confidence, can keep secrets from each other and support each other in any way. Joe had an highly dreadful childhood he suffered from a lot of violence from his dad as he gave a great deal of pain to Joe and his mother by beating them. Joes dad was constantly drunk also, they were suffering from poverty. Joe explains his father and childhood to Pip. He tells him about the violence he suffered from his father this makes Pip olfactory perception uncomfortable and sorry about Joe.I was not at all at my ease this is how Pip felt, he felt anxious and confused when the while was up to go to mislay Havishams residence for the arrangement. At the gates of the Satis house Pip met Estella. Estella treated Pip awfully bad. She kept on business him boy at the end of her e genuinely sentence, this was very impolite and rude. By Estellas words and actions it made Pip feel like someone not to be complimented at even for this Pip had feelings for Estella.Estella knows that pip comes from a poor social background. She feels that he is someone that has no education and manners so she speaks to him very rudely by calling him not by his name but by boy at the end of every sentence. When Pip left the Satis house he felt like a common labouring-boy and felt more ignorant because he cried in front of Estella at the gates of the Satis.Pip was very irritated by the way Joe was dressed, which it was in his Sunday clothes and he also was irritated when Joes behaviour was very embarrassing during their meeting with dangle Havisham. Joe was trying to act smart and act like a gentleman but he made things worse by tying t o say liberal words like Astonishing but he said it all wrong he said it like as-TON-ishing this made Pip feel more irritated and Nervous. When Joe was speaking to Miss Havisham he was addressing to Pip, Pip was trying to give him a clue to stop Joe from looking at him and to look at Miss Havisham when speaking to her but Joe was to dense to notice.This all is showing us that Pips attitude changes towards Joe he starts feeling ashamed about Joe because he showed out Pips social and financial life at the meeting with Miss Havisham by the way he speaks and dresses. I dont recollect Pip should have felt this way because Joe is his close friend and he should not change his feelings and actions towards Joe just because he gets irritated at him. Now we can see that Pips social life and poverty is affecting his own character.

Friday, May 24, 2019

Comparing Lady Macbeth and Curley’s Wife Essay

Of Mice and transfer, written in 1937 by John Steinbeck, and Macbeth, written in 1606 by William Shakespeargon, both gift women as linked to the put throughfall of mannish characters. Both get together and novel were set and written at times where women did not have many rights. Macbeth was firstly performed in 1606 which was a patriarchal society and the Divine Right of Kings meant that people believed that kings were chosen by God to rule and so killing a king, or regicide, was considered to be the greatest snake pit that could be committed.I will be looking at lady Macbeth who has a sinister control over her conserve. Of Mice and Men was written in the time of the Great Depression by this point in history, women had finded to receive some rights such as voting, but they were the first to mis tell their jobs when the Depression came and many had to become housewives once agown(prenominal). Curleys wife represents the frustration of women in this era. This essay will f ocus on the similarities and differences between the two characters and how they are represented thought structure, language and themes.The audience first meets doll Macbeth in cause 1 Scene 5. She is reading a letter from Macbeth explaining the events that just in any casek place with the witches. This is followed by her soliloquy, so we hear her thoughts aloud. This indicates that Lady Macbeth will have power over the events in the play, since she begins plotting the murder of the king this display of power is rare for a woman in the 17th coke, which is further suggested by the fact that she would have been played by a man on a Shakespearean stage. Lady Macbeth during the play is important, since she is already the wife of a nobleman and later the king. After the reign of Queen Elizabeth, society was anxious about powerful women and would have been genuinely anxious about Lady Macbeth since she begins to plot murder while reading the letter saying Yet do I fear thy / nature It is too full of the milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way. nearest way is a euphemism for murder. She shows boldness and is critical of her husband.Lady Macbeth and Curleys wife both show disdain for their husbands. In Act 2 Scene 2, Lady Macbeth is manipulative towards her husband, as she complains to him for returning the daggers to the scene of the crime, by saying My hands are of your colour, but I shame / to wear a heart so white, white is related to innocence or without sin. This relates to the context as during the Jacobean men are meant have bloody hearts from all the people they have killed and for a woman to call a mans heart white, and for her to be shamed by it he must be less manly than her. The relationship between Curley and Curleys wife is seen without trust passim the development of the earmark.Curleys wife does not wish to be under his mannish control Curleys wife says think I like to baffle in that house alla time? The word stick means to stay atta ched by adhesion, this shows how she is unable to be free or disobey her husbands in any way. It shows that she hates to be by herself, and shows Curleys possessiveness and jealousy towards the other characters on the bedcover about her reduces the things in which she is able to do. In the 1930s woman were much kept at home by their husbands as jobs were becoming more difficult to get and keep, as women just recently received the right to break down in more masculine jobs and so this get them the least make out of rights to jobs when jobs became scarce.Lady Macbeth emotions and Macbeth physical status are linked throughout the play. In Act 1 we see Macbeth being promoted to thane at the end of his battle, this is the start of his kingdom, rampart and prison. Lady Macbeth on reading the letter sent for Macbeth increases in wickedness and this is the start of her kingdom, fortress and prison but with Lady Macbeth it is to guard or imprison her emotions or guilt.This doesnt last l ong for the queen as her guard is down and her emotions escape her during her sleepwalking scene, as she says out, damned spot, a spot can be raisered to a rounded mark stain made by a foreign matter, as mud, blood, paint, ink, etc. She is not referring to a physical spot but the leak of her emotions, the blood stained spot of King Duncan, this is as well shoes Lady Macbeths more famine side which the audience expected of a effeminate in the Jacobean patriarchal society. Macbeths fortress comes crumbling before him at the end of Scene 5 ending with his termination, for the King to die is a mighty shock during the era where the divine right of kings meant the biggest sin that could be committed as the king is thought to be chosen by God. Curley and his wife on the other hand are quite the opposite.Curleys wifes decisions affect the stability of Curley position on the ranch. The Curley we met at the start is portrayed as the strongest character on the farm, he is also the ranch ow ners son and is the just one with a known wife. All these factors make-up the pillars that hold at the top of the pyramid. When Lennie breaks his hand he already becomes unstable and so starts being more strict with his wife such as making her stay at home. With his wife know going close to the ranch with near see-through tops and baked up Barbie face, which for a woman in the early twentieth century his unrealistic as they are considered to be owned by their husbands. When she dies this is a very big deal for Curley as with only one pillar barely holding him up his pyramid is toppling down. His anger is shown at the very end of the play when Curley throws a tantrum says That big son of a bitch done it. I know he done it.Both females characters foreshadow important event in the texts. Foreshadowing is seen straight away when we meet Lady Macbeth when she speaks her soliloquy. During this soliloquy Lady Macbeth rants about her husband, when she mentions render thick my blood, to t hickened blood is also known as blood clot, Blood clot is known for being very painful, and so for her to necessity for her blood to clot, she must . Woman in the 17th century were considered to be non-violent. Later in Act 5 Scene 1 Lady Macbeth certifies her death as she opened herself unconsciously, in front of the doctor and nurse, and says Theres a knocking at the door. Door is any gateway scoring an entrance or exit from one place or state to another, in this scene the door relates to the doors of hell, as Lady Macbeth is feeling the weight of her sins on top of her.This foreshadowing is fulfilled when Lady Macbeth is said to of killed herself off-stage. In Of Mice and Men foreshadowing is seen in chapter 2 when Curleys wife introduced physically to the reader. The text describes her as She had full, rouged lips Her fingernails were red like sausages red mules,.. of red ostrich feathers. Red is of the colour of fresh blood, and so her appearance shows her death in the near forthcoming due to her desperation to catch the attention of everyone on the farm. This is because many people felt powerless and frustrated during the Great Depression.In the entrance to the forward-looking characters, George and Lennie, the scene is described Both men glanced up, for the rectangle of sunshine in the doorway was cut off. The sunshine is related to the sunlight of heaven, this again is predicting her death in the near future. In chapter 5 the novel mentions A pigeon flew in through the open hay door and circled and flew out again, the pigeon in French is a young dove which can be related to the heaven, ultimately indicating her death a second before we her doll like corpses. Her death is like her conception as they both having similar with her red theme.rouged cheeks and her reddened lips this proves that the foreshadowing at the start is related to her death at the end of the book. Curleys wife shows control over Crooks in Of Mice and Men yet women having such lo w respect during the Great Depression.The play is structured so that the brilliance of Lady Macbeth decreases during the play while Curleys wifes importance increases during the novel. Lady Macbeth is ashamed of her husband at the start of the play as Macbeth shows so much weakness towards her. This disappointment of hers is shown greatly during the killing of King Duncan in Act 2 Scene 2. This also shows her importance, as she complains to Macbeth by announcing My hand are of your colour, but I shame / to wear a heart so white, shame is a painful feeling of humiliation or distress caused by the reason of wrong or foolish behaviour. In context this is odd as during the Jacobean era women were expected to obey their husbands, but instead she is more masculine that her own husband. In Act 5 Scene 5, Seyton emotionlessly says The queen, my lord, is dead but we do not witness the death on-stage, this is to show that Lady Macbeth has lost her importance since the start of the play.On the other hand Curleys wife is less important at the start of the novel as we hear her in a conversation between Candy and George, as Candy describes Curleys wife as a tart. The word is an offensive term for a female prostitute showing that what she does is not what is wanted from a 1930s wife as it was sexist society and men were still dominant. At the end of the book Curleys wife is killed but not off-stage thus showing an increase in her importance since the start, this is probably because she is direct cause of Lennies death compared to Lady Macbeth. Her increase in importance links to the fact that women started getting a lot of rights such as having the right to vote, as during the war women took over their husbands jobs and when the husbands returned some realized that women could do more than be housewives.We witness Curleys wife first performance of power over a male character in chapter 4, at Crookss harness room when she turns on him and says Listen, Nigger. The word Nigg er is a contemptuous term used to refer to a member of any dark-skinned people. By using this term to a black person shows that Curleys wife has a little amount of power in this patriarchal also by Crookss after reaction of curling into a ball this also shows her power a only the week lower themselves to a higher power.During the 1930s a racial group called the Klu Klux Klan had power they disrespected black people and sometimes went as far as to kill them. In the same conversation with Crookss Curleys wife says I could get you strung upon a tree so easy it aint even funny. Strung upon a tree this is called lynching lynching was first started in America by in the 18th century and was mostly stopped by 1920. Black people who went against white people in the 1930 still got hanged on a tree, this term shows the power in which Curleys wife holds over black people, as well as mentioning this to a black person is very offensive as over thirty railway yard negros died and shows the reason why Crooks reduced himself to nothing.Both Lady Macbeth and Curleys wife are the cause of the distress around them leading to both Lennie and Macbeths death. Lady Macbeth finally shows the sexist weakness of women during the Jacobean era by allowing for her emotions to leak out and dies off-stage showing her unimportance. Curleys wife is throughout the novel shown as slutish and attention seeking and is finally killed by a man as she does not have the strength to confine Lennie, showing her feminist side. Both authors portray their leads as weak and vulnerable even if they try to hide it.

Thursday, May 23, 2019

Motivation Letter Essay

Economics, as a field, had always fascinated me right from my school days. As I grew up, I gradually came to appreciate the greatness of economics in the modern world. In the university, I was fortunate to have been exposed to many interesting and challenging fields. However, I ultimately chose to major in Accounting, which provides me with fundamental knowledge of many economic-related theories and concepts, as well as familiarity with statistics and data analysis.I also learned the basic tenets of Economics in courses such as Finance, Management, Accounting and Public Finance. Subsequently I enhanced it with CMA Certificate courses right later on graduation in 2006 These courses revealed to me the importance of the economic sector in the society, anyhow that I realized that Economic and Finance professionals have the privileged opportunity of managing assets and analyzing risks to ensure the future success of a company or organization.In 2010 and after having three course of in structions experience as Customer Service and Letters of Credits and Guarantees Officer, Business Development Officer at Bank Audi, and One year as Senior Account Officer / Corporate Business Development at Bank of Jordan, I realized the importance of pay and investment, giving the event that the main decision of any enterprise is where to invest money and how to evaluate investment opportunities.Therefore, I decided to pursue postgraduate studies in investment and finance that would ideally complement my academic knowledge and experience, but unfortunately the current sad situation in my country freezes all my academic chances. So Im looking to be a part of a respectful program and an opportunity to meet people and economists in one of the world just about developed nations.In 5 years, I see myself leading an investment and pecuniary section where I am involved building fruitful world-wide business relations, designing structured financial products and managing well-diversifie d and effective portfolios by incorporating cutting edge methodologies and sophisticated tools that offer a valuable investment opportunity to the potential difference investor.Throughout this course I will leverage my existing skills with the knowledge of finance and economics that will help me to achieve my medium-term career goals to manage capital, make up portfolios, perform mergers and acquisitions, and ensure future economic stability for corporations, as well as helping financial services industry to make the right financial decisions that will lead to economic stability and high returns.In the long-term, such knowledge, skills and experience will help me assist the Syrian market in designing, implementing and supervise financial policies, planning and executing the financing initiatives, and interfacing with the financial community and investors.

Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Modernism Art Essay

As some critics contended, post red-brickism represents a pique with the groundbreakingist nonion that com disgorgeer computer computer computer architecture should be technologic eachy rational, plain and operative, discuss the ways in which one postmodern architect has smashed strategies which worst these tendencies.Juxtaposition is seen between the characteristics of early 20th century modern architecture and the prowessistic endeavours of postmodernism that followed. To represent the less(prenominal) is More (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) nonion the modernist tendencies had adopted, Robert Venturi make a Ghost Structure to imply architecture had no longer compose an art form and was merely just a spectator (Architecturerevived, 2011) in society. This essay will discuss ways in which the architect Robert Venturi adopts methods to overcome these tendencies that architecture has blend ined-up core and ways in which he attempts to bump off himself with any links with the pos t-modernist movement that he is viewed in having.Modern Architects saw their role as reformers, (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) and tended to break with tradition and start a novel. Considering it was a new ultra movement they tended to ignore potential problems and focused on the new modern advancements available. A modernist drift was to form individually however Venturi claimed that a building derives meaning from its setting (Out Of the Ordinary, 2002) and evidently each individual location requires a divergent form of architectural mood to represent this. In Venturis book complexity and Contradiction he quotes familiar things seen in unfamiliar context depart perceptually new as puff up as old (R.Venturi, 1966, pg43) here he perhaps means in order for art to become worthy of aesthetic appreciation the beauty needs to see it in a different context.For example, Tracy Emins unmade bed was placed in an art gallery and was more than acceptable and appreciated as art rather than b eing viewed in its captain, everyday context. Venturi was focused on the reason behind and the visual perception of architecture, he believed that in applying a medley of styles (S.V.Moos, 1987, pg32) opposed to an either/or (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) lookout would offer a varied combination of architectural styles. Thus enabling to a successful response to the multitude of tastes society desired, as he was well aware that at that place were an regalia of underlying problems of everyday life. Problems that modernist architects tended to ignore due to their concern of the solution non corresponding with what they believed to be their perfect function.Venturi disregards modernist tendencies as he favours a more eclectic style rather than the less is more (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) approach modernism supports. Venturi aims to see his buildings squander ties with historic architecture thus to receive meaning and value. This was to evoke a sense of familiarity whilst still staying in context with a more modern environment. Venturi believed in using his knowledge from what he had conditioned and new had worked in the ultimo, so sought-after(a) to apply these techniques to his designs.An example of this is Venturis State Mosque of Iraq (Ref 1) finished in 1982. Here Venturi sought to move in from numerous styles and periods, specifically, dodge Nouveau. The purpose of incorporating so many earlier instances was to provide meaning and depth to architecture once more. Venturi was inspire by the work of Edwin Lutyens Capital Buildings in New Delhi as Lutyen had successfully managed to integrate diachronic themes to look postmodern however with an underlying modernist culture.Post-modernist architects questioned the modernist tendency that form depends on function. Walter Gropius quoted aesthetic image and monumentality of a design are more important than functionalism. (Architecturerevived, 2011) However the context of the building was all the more important. V enturi championed this and so revived the tendency to change things around (Architecturerevived, 2011) to develop and discover a more motivating form. He believed that the simplicity of modernist designs were so minimal that they therefore could slowly be manipulated to communicate historic and ornamental tendencies of the past whilst taking advantage of the modern advancements in technology and construction all the while considering the drug users requirements.An example of this is the Vanna Venturi House, (Ref 2) undefiled in 1961 which has multiple references to past periods and styles. Firstly the passageway faade de nones Michelangelos Porta Pia in Rome, Alessondra Vittorias VillaBarabo at Maser and finally the Nymphaeum at Palladio. Venturi quotes to recognising the complexities andcontradictions (S.V.Moos, 1987, pg244) in which this building instils, nevertheless was an ideal way to overcome his statement that less is a bore. (R.Venturi, 1966, pg17) Additionally Venturis love of distortion over straightforward and indeterminate over articulation (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) whimsicality is a charge example of how he overcame the modernist tendency of clean, designed and hence forth the exclusion of design traits. Venturi was similarly intrigued by the parallel of how design in the past tie in to the hierarchy of upper berth and lower classes of his today and whether or not the aesthetics of said classes could be adumbrate into categories that reflected the social divisions.More precisely he committed classical modern architecture with that of ancient upper classes such as ruins of palaces and the subscriber line of how they were erected differently from that of how Venturi describes as ordinary peoples buildings. (Learning from Las Vegas, 1972) Everything appears to be in relation to, form, home and social responsibility also implying modern architecture seems to ware forgotten the art of steganography in which was not only signifi brooktly spa nning across four centuries from the fifteenth to the 19th century nevertheless was also how architects learnt to progress, appreciate and respect the aesthetic awareness of form. This can be related back to the Renaissance in which the doingation of form has been linked to the visual for centuries.Venturi wanted to instil new perceptions of old functions (Architecturerevived, 2011). He sought to draw from the past and carefully extract pertinent features and characteristics and with the buildings context in the forefront of his mind, apply them. An illustration of is how he exhibited historical examples from Baroque and Egyptian architecture to epitomize frames and overwhelm small window openings. He symbolically implied unconventional messages or problems he thought society needed to address, anexample of this being The company House, absolute in 1963, (Ref 3) Philadelphia. It displays a system of layers with artistic meaning, establishment and a well thought out design pro cess which represents the importance of historical and architectural discourse.By instilling a gold-plated TV Ariel on drop dead of the building signified what Venturi described as the relevant revolution of today. (Architecturerevived, 2011) It communicated the underlying idea that the importance of architecture could potentially be forgotten with the advancement of TV and media. Venturi was concerned that the development of these new technologies were influential on art, a machine for living while practical, is emotionless, (Molly Jacques, 2009) and that all reference to historical architecture could be comprehend as irrelevant or even worse, lost in the progressing society he found himself in. thereof the TV Ariel became demonstrative of this, a representation base on the theme of classical architecture. It was also said to represent the buildings inhabitants, by simply stereotyping the occupants, believing they come after too much TV, and alas the symbolic intension of clas sical statues in cathedrals.Modern architects had pragmatic views. They believed technological advances allowed for the disregard of all historical periods and movements. Led by the new approach of machines for living (The Arts Le Corbusier, Dominic Gallagher) as Le Corbusier cited, needfully led to the demise of decorative and aesthetics in favour for more organised and geometricalal buildings, in addition to this there was a new enthusiasm for building vertically. Venturi believed that the introduction of this technologically motivated notion advertently modify architecture so much so it had seen a departure from the experience of life. (R.Venturi, 1966, pg17) Consequently change state focused on what characterised as Realism. Venturi studied people in their everyday life and routines, purposely so as not to exclude designing for social problems and consequently to design for the truth. A somewhat stark contrast to the modernist notion of designing for simplification or the Le ss is More (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) idea, as stated by Miles Van De Rohe.This evidently left many social questions unreciprocated or as Paul Rudolf, a great(p) modernist architect quoted all problems can never be solved. (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) Furthermore the development of new materials and constructional technological advances allowed for modernist architects to design freely with focus on spatial forms andgeometric proportions. Miles Van De Rohes Pavilions illustrate this as they lacked any sort of reference to the past as his desire and purpose was to exploit new technologies to the fullest and have no recognized relation to the past whatsoever. Venturi opposed this as he looked to past historical architecture for inspiration and saw relevance in previous movements and styles. This allowed him to design with meaning and by combing new methods of construction and technology allowed him to develop and erect in advance(p) buildings that reflected historical traits whilst still f itting into a modern society. A further modernist view was that architecture was about a blend on technology and art, and to inevitably reform some sort of style they believed had become lost in tradition.They admired the emerging new developments, especially in transportation and new materials becoming available. They tried to instil this new, sleek, streamlined look in their buildings. It was almost as if they wanted to draw a line under the past and render a new concept of design to follow with the new advances that were being made in other fields. Nonetheless Venturi held on to his belief that architecture hadnt become so much as lost only if sort of had been forgotten. Stating that conventional elements (R.Venturi, 1966, pg43) could be applied using the advanced methods the modernists championed, and that some sort of balance could be achieved.It suggests a complete rejection of the past is not relevant in order to move forward in not only a social tone but also to cater for what appeared to be, a crave for a new architectural style. Venturi was positive in regards to the new materials and construction methods now available and did not deny that they were not beneficial to society in his today and stating conventional elements (R.Venturi, 1966, pg43) constructed in unconventional ways (R.Venturi, 1966, pg43) supports this. As does his design for the Vanna Venturi House, (Ref 2) constructed in 1961 in which an array of modernist materials were used, such as steel. Yet he chose to mix both development in techniques and materials with historical features to create a design that was visually, functionally and constructed successfully in design.Venturi became interested in the Las Vegas Strip (Ref 4) leading him to economise the book learning from Las Vegas published in 1972. He came to the conclusion that the city had been built to accommodate for thetechnologically savvy society. The architectural advertisement method Vegas seemed to haveadopted had all been carefully angled to appeal to the people now driving down the strip. This was an original concept in which to appeal to an earshot not necessarily on foot. The architecture almost becomes an advertisement in itself and the landscape inadvertently develops into its notorious messy, disorganized and fast paced form, which also reflected the traits the city and people in it had undertook. The architecture became a direct contrast to the modernist tendencies as the strip serves culture rather than dictates it. (Architecturerevived, 2011) this was perhaps as Vegas was competitive and needed to forthwith interact with its audience in order to entice them. Venturi was inspired to take aspects of how Las Vegas had so forcefully removed the constraints of which had seemed to be put upon architecture and apply it, however in a not so embellished manner.Venturi states how The Guild House (Ref 3) was built with these intentions as well as having a dialect (Perkowitz, 2002) idea in min d. He went on to exploit every available inch of building space obtainable, by building up six-stories high. An attribute in concomitant of the modernist conception, however Venturi came to this design conclusion to alter the inhabitants to interact more conveniently with the outside. This was said to be purposely done so as not to break up the prevailing aesthetics of the street, so far still managed to introduce another dimension to it. A fragmented outline of the Southern faade directly contrasts with the smooth surface of the North. This intentionally done so as the building was built for the elderly so rather than isolate, the distorted faade in fact drew the outside in, to allow for maximum interaction in a visual nature.Venturi attempts to imply a Baroque Palazzo style upon the Guild House (Ref 3) by the introduction of white tiles on the lower and upper levels of the building. Which was believed to have symbolic and representational (S.V.Moos, 1987, pg25) components that merge as a whole which in avertedly was to reflect the architectural connotation of the structure. It was understood that the Guild House (Ref 3) was built on a system of layers. Layers of artistic meaning and organisation, each one symbolising the importance of thehistorical and architectural discourse.This is reinforced by Venturi testifying knowledge instead of learning (R.Venturi, 1966, pg12) supports the fact he draws upon what was effective in the past and relates it to his own compositions. He breaks up the historical foundations and is driven and instils a sense of the past end-to-end his designs. The modernist notion of designing for what the architect believed society wanted rather than needed impacted primarily upon the poorer societies. accordingly forth Venturi was particularly careful when building The Guild House perhaps to show designing with the context and user in mind can be achieved successfully without social problems having to be ignored or forgotten, again a tendency modern architecture seemed to adopt in fear of losing aesthetic value. Venturi sought to prove you could have both.In reflection it can be said that Venturi is extremely knowledgeable and has an in-depth understanding and appreciation for historical architecture in which he feel shouldnt be forgotten but instead should be admired and inspire future movements. Despite modernism striping what Venturi believed was the art from architecture he fought to overcome these tendencies are drew upon relevant historic features and characterisations and applied them liberally to his design, in accordance to their context. Nevertheless he understood that designing for the user was significant and not to exclude social problems. He undertook the modernist concept of advanced ways to construct and recognised and understood the developing society, yet he chose not to ignore historic references and applied them in a system of layers within his designs to accommodate for the advanced civili zation whilst electing to apply asceticism for both a functional and visual experience.As some critics contended, postmodernism represents a break with the modernist notion that architecture should be technologically rational, austere and functional, discuss the ways in which one postmodern architect has developed strategies which overcome these tendencies.Juxtaposition is seen between the characteristics of early 20th century modern architecture and the artistic endeavours of postmodernism that followed. To represent the Less is More (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) notionthe modernist tendencies had adopted, Robert Venturi built a Ghost Structure to imply architecture had no longer become an art form and was merely just a spectator (Architecturerevived, 2011) in society. This essay will discuss ways in which the architect Robert Venturi adopts methods to overcome these tendencies that architecture has lost meaning and ways in which he attempts to remove himself with any links with the post -modernist movement that he is viewed in having.Modern Architects saw their role as reformers, (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) and tended to break with tradition and start anew. Considering it was a new revolutionary movement they tended to ignore potential problems and focused on the new modern advancements available. A modernist tendency was to build individually however Venturi claimed that a building derives meaning from its context (Out Of the Ordinary, 2002) and evidently each individual location requires a different form of architectural style to represent this. In Venturis book Complexity and Contradiction he quotes familiar things seen in unfamiliar context become perceptually new as well as old (R.Venturi, 1966, pg43) here he perhaps means in order for art to become worthy of aesthetic appreciation the viewer needs to see it in a different context.For example, Tracy Emins unmade bed was placed in an art gallery and was more acceptable and appreciated as art rather than being viewe d in its original, everyday context. Venturi was focused on the reason behind and the visual perception of architecture, he believed that in applying a medley of styles (S.V.Moos, 1987, pg32) opposed to an either/or (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) mind-set would offer a varied combination of architectural styles. Thus enabling to a successful response to the multitude of tastes society desired, as he was well aware that there were an array of underlying problems of everyday life. Problems that modernist architects tended to ignore due to their concern of the solution not corresponding with what they believed to be their perfect design.Venturi disregards modernist tendencies as he favours a more eclectic style rather than the less is more (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) approach modernism supports. Venturi aims to ensure his buildings have ties with historical architecture thus to draw meaning and value. This was to evoke a sense offamiliarity whilst still staying in context with a more modern envir onment. Venturi believed in using his knowledge from what he had learned and new had worked in the past, so sought to apply these techniques to his designs.An example of this is Venturis State Mosque of Iraq (Ref 1) finished in 1982. Here Venturi sought to draw from numerous styles and periods, specifically, Art Nouveau. The purpose of incorporating so many previous instances was to provide meaning and depth to architecture once more. Venturi was inspired by the work of Edwin Lutyens Capital Buildings in New Delhi as Lutyen had successfully managed to integrate historical themes to look postmodern however with an underlying modernist culture.Post-modernist architects questioned the modernist tendency that form depends on function. Walter Gropius quoted aesthetic image and monumentality of a design are more important than functionalism. (Architecturerevived, 2011) However the context of the building was all the more important. Venturi championed this and consequently revived the tend ency to change things around (Architecturerevived, 2011) to develop and discover a more motivating form. He believed that the simplicity of modernist designs were so minimal that they therefore could easily be manipulated to communicate historic and ornamental tendencies of the past whilst taking advantage of the modern advancements in technology and construction all the while considering the users requirements.An example of this is the Vanna Venturi House, (Ref 2) completed in 1961 which has multiple references to past periods and styles. Firstly the street faade denotes Michelangelos Porta Pia in Rome, Alessondra Vittorias Villa Barabo at Maser and finally the Nymphaeum at Palladio. Venturi quotes to recognising the complexities andcontradictions (S.V.Moos, 1987, pg244) in which this building instils, nevertheless was an ideal way to overcome his statement that less is a bore. (R.Venturi, 1966, pg17) Additionally Venturis love of distortion over straightforward and ambiguous over articulation (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) notion is a prime example of how he overcame the modernist tendency ofclean, designed and hence forth the exclusion of design traits. Venturi was similarly intrigued by the parallel of how design in the past related to the hierarchy of upper and lower classes of his today and whether or not the aesthetics of said classes could be outlined into categories that reflected the social divisions.More precisely he connected classical modern architecture with that of ancient upper classes such as ruins of palaces and the contrast of how they were erected differently from that of how Venturi describes as ordinary peoples buildings. (Learning from Las Vegas, 1972) Everything appears to be in relation to, form, space and social responsibility also implying modern architecture seems to have forgotten the art of steganography in which was not only significantly spanning across four centuries from the 15th to the 19th century but was also how architects learnt to progress, appreciate and respect the aesthetic awareness of form. This can be related back to the Renaissance in which the development of form has been linked to the visual for centuries.Venturi wanted to instil new perceptions of old functions (Architecturerevived, 2011). He sought to draw from the past and carefully extract relevant features and characteristics and with the buildings context in the forefront of his mind, apply them. An illustration of is how he exhibited historical examples from Baroque and Egyptian architecture to symbolise frames and overwhelm small window openings. He symbolically implied unconventional messages or problems he thought society needed to address, anexample of this being The Guild House, completed in 1963, (Ref 3) Philadelphia. It displays a system of layers with artistic meaning, organisation and a well thought out design process which represents the importance of historical and architectural discourse. By instilling a gold-plated TV Ariel on top of the building signified what Venturi described as the relevant revolution of today. (Architecturerevived, 2011)It communicated the underlying idea that the importance of architecture could potentially be forgotten with the advancement of TV and media. Venturi was concerned that the development of these new technologies were influential on art, a machine for living while practical, is emotionless, (Molly Jacques,2009) and that all reference to historical architecture could be perceived as irrelevant or even worse, lost in the progressing society he found himself in. Therefore the TV Ariel became demonstrative of this, a representation based on the theme of classical architecture. It was also said to represent the buildings inhabitants, by simply stereotyping the occupants, believing they watch too much TV, and alas the symbolic connotation of classical statues in cathedrals.Modern architects had pragmatic views. They believed technological advances allowed for the disregard of all historical periods and movements. Led by the new approach of machines for living (The Arts Le Corbusier, Dominic Gallagher) as Le Corbusier cited, inevitably led to the demise of decorative and aesthetics in favour for more organised and geometrical buildings, in addition to this there was a new enthusiasm for building vertically. Venturi believed that the introduction of this technologically motivated notion advertently simplified architecture so much so it had seen a departure from the experience of life. (R.Venturi, 1966, pg17) Consequently becoming focused on what characterised as Realism. Venturi studied people in their everyday life and routines, purposely so as not to exclude designing for social problems and consequently to design for the truth. A somewhat stark contrast to the modernist notion of designing for simplification or the Less is More (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) idea, as stated by Miles Van De Rohe.This evidently left many social questions unanswered or as Paul Rudolf, a prominent modernist architect quoted all problems can never be solved. (R.Venturi, 1966, pg16) Furthermore the development of new materials and constructional technological advances allowed for modernist architects to design freely with focus on spatial forms and geometric proportions. Miles Van De Rohes Pavilions illustrate this as they lacked any sort of reference to the past as his desire and purpose was to exploit new technologies to the fullest and have no recognized relation to the past whatsoever. Venturi opposed this as he looked to past historical architecture for inspiration and saw relevance in previous movements and styles. This allowed him to design with meaning and by combing new methods of construction and technology allowed him to develop and erect innovative buildings that reflected historical traits whilst still fitting into amodern society.A further modernist view was that architecture was about a blend on technology and art, and to inevitably reform som e sort of style they believed had become lost in tradition. They admired the emerging new developments, especially in transportation and new materials becoming available. They tried to instil this new, sleek, streamlined look in their buildings. It was almost as if they wanted to draw a line under the past and render a new concept of design to follow with the new advances that were being made in other fields. Nonetheless Venturi held on to his belief that architecture hadnt become so much as lost but instead had been forgotten. Stating that conventional elements (R.Venturi, 1966, pg43) could be applied using the advanced methods the modernists championed, and that some sort of balance could be achieved.It suggests a complete rejection of the past is not relevant in order to move forward in not only a social aspect but also to cater for what appeared to be, a demand for a new architectural style. Venturi was positive in regards to the new materials and construction methods now availa ble and did not deny that they were not beneficial to society in his today and stating conventional elements (R.Venturi, 1966, pg43) constructed in unconventional ways (R.Venturi, 1966, pg43) supports this. As does his design for the Vanna Venturi House, (Ref 2) constructed in 1961 in which an array of modernist materials were used, such as steel. Yet he chose to mix both development in techniques and materials with historical features to create a design that was visually, functionally and constructed successfully in design.Venturi became interested in the Las Vegas Strip (Ref 4) leading him to write the book learning from Las Vegas published in 1972. He came to the conclusion that the city had been built to accommodate for the technologically savvy society. The architectural advertisement method Vegas seemed to haveadopted had all been carefully angled to appeal to the people now driving down the strip. This was an original concept in which to appeal to an audience not necessarily on foot.The architecture almost becomes an advertisement in itself and the landscape inadvertently develops into its notorious messy, chaotic and fast paced form, which also reflected thetraits the city and people in it had undertook. The architecture became a direct contrast to the modernist tendencies as the strip serves culture rather than dictates it. (Architecturerevived, 2011) this was perhaps as Vegas was competitive and needed to directly interact with its audience in order to entice them. Venturi was inspired to take aspects of how Las Vegas had so forcefully removed the constraints of which had seemed to be put upon architecture and apply it, however in a not so embellished manner.Venturi states how The Guild House (Ref 3) was built with these intentions as well as having a vernacular (Perkowitz, 2002) idea in mind. He went on to exploit every available inch of building space obtainable, by building up six-stories high. An attribute in fact of the modernist conception, how ever Venturi came to this design conclusion to enable the inhabitants to interact more conveniently with the outside. This was said to be purposely done so as not to break up the prevailing aesthetics of the street, nonetheless still managed to introduce another dimension to it. A fragmented outline of the Southern faade directly contrasts with the smooth surface of the North. This intentionally done so as the building was built for the elderly so rather than isolate, the distorted faade in fact drew the outside in, to allow for maximum interaction in a visual nature.Venturi attempts to imply a Baroque Palazzo style upon the Guild House (Ref 3) by the introduction of white tiles on the lower and upper levels of the building. Which was believed to have symbolic and representational (S.V.Moos, 1987, pg25) components that merge as a whole which in avertedly was to reflect the architectural connotation of the structure. It was understood that the Guild House (Ref 3) was built on a syste m of layers. Layers of artistic meaning and organisation, each one symbolising the importance of the historical and architectural discourse.This is reinforced by Venturi testifying knowledge instead of learning (R.Venturi, 1966, pg12) supports the fact he draws upon what was effective in the past and relates it to his own compositions. He breaks up the historical foundations and is driven and instils a sense of the past throughout his designs. The modernist notion of designing for what the architect believed society wanted rather than needed impacted primarily upon the poorer societies. Hence forth Venturi was particularly careful when building The Guild House perhaps to show designingwith the context and user in mind can be achieved successfully without social problems having to be ignored or forgotten, again a tendency modern architecture seemed to adopt in fear of losing aesthetic value. Venturi sought to prove you could have both.In reflection it can be said that Venturi is extr emely knowledgeable and has an in-depth understanding and appreciation for historical architecture in which he feel shouldnt be forgotten but instead should be admired and inspire future movements. Despite modernism striping what Venturi believed was the art from architecture he fought to overcome these tendencies are drew upon relevant historic features and characterisations and applied them liberally to his design, in accordance to their context.Nevertheless he understood that designing for the user was significant and not to exclude social problems. He undertook the modernist concept of advanced ways to construct and recognised and understood the developing society, yet he chose not to ignore historic references and applied them in a system of layers within his designs to accommodate for the advanced civilization whilst electing to apply asceticism for both a functional and visual experience.

Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Biblical Leadership

The biblical account for lead varies in manner but similar in substance, as it is given in the Bibles major divisions, the old and youthful Testament. The biblical leaders prior to Jesus are chosen by deity, and the circumstances that these leaders face has Gods direct intervention. Jesus and the Old Testament leaders through Martin Buber, both show leadership in a non-conventional manner. Though there are differences, there are also similarities in their approaches to the sense of leadership.scriptural leadership basically does not concern superiority of one over another this is primarily due to the account that biblical leadership is not defined as the conventional and/or modern account of the position. In the Bibles Old Testament, God does not often choose the physically powerful individual, but the weak ones (Buber, 2002). make water the case of David for instance, David does not have brute force to begin with, yet he is chosen by God to lead the people of Israel against th e Philistinians.There are conversely a few exceptions such as Samson, but still, his physical prowess acquired is through Gods divine intervention (Buber, 2002). The Bible appears to conform to an unorthodox concept of leadership which only goes to show that the law of nature is not always plausible (Buber, 2002(. . Meanwhile, biblical leadership in delivery boys account generally calls for humility and simplicity. Christ constitutes that a person should not be called master because there is only one true master, the Lord (Matt 2310-12, raw(a) American Version) (Mark 1031, New American Version).The context of leadership then does not encompass on the power that withholds people on earth but the power that is of God. Ironically, Christs account of biblical leadership differs as it poses a challenge since people tend to invest on earthly pleasures such as houses, lands, and other property (Mark 1029, New American Version). Jesus leadership by example conforms to the main ideas of hu mility and simplicity. One is that he does not make use of his stature as the physical manifestation of God he shows neither signs of either supremacy nor discrimination of man.He washed his apostles feet so as to prove that his leadership is more on service and not on being served. Jesus speaks of leadership as not to exercise his admit will but to serve in instigating the will of God (Mark 1033-34, New American Version). In addition, Jesus does not institute any commandment by his own authority, but the authority of God. It is now clear that the concept of Biblical leadership is furthest different from the conventional definitions of humans.The human principle accords with nature as the strong always rule and the weak, otherwise. The modern take on leadership concerns power, wealth, influence, and in some cases, property, it is in this account that Biblical leadership differs from that of the modern. Current united States president George W. Bush exemplifies the modern approac h to leadership he differs from Christ and Bubers accounts. One is because Bush is addressed as President or Mr.President he is then called or addressed to as a master in this sense. secant is that the United States is considered the most powerful among nations, thereby giving Bush strength, and conformity to natures claims. Last is that Bush exercises his authority and leadership in his own will, and does not put any other will in to consideration but his will alone. This is most blatant in his declaration of war against Iraq and Afghanistan the United States president did not seek for congress approval,Biblical leadership by perspective differs from that of the secular, from how it is executed in the bible and how it is practiced in the modern standard. In any case, there is no implication of transparent supremacy in the Bibles context of leadership. Furthermore, the Bible does not account with nature as far as strength in relation to leadership is concerned. The biblical outlook simply does not concur with the modern and worldly belief of leaders. References Buber, M. Biemann, A. (Ed. ). (2002). The Martin Buber Reader inwrought Writings. New York Palgrave Macmillan.

Monday, May 20, 2019

Northwest State College

1 SUPPLEMENTAL causal agent Chapter 7 Case northwestern United States State College Northwest State College (a disguised name) is a four-year regional postulate college and has an enrollment of about 3,500 students. Its business department has a staff of seven full-time instructors, and other half-time instructors atomic number 18 used as needed. Currently about 900 students are majoring in business. The college is located in a medium-sized northern community of about 70,000. Most of the faculty recruiting is done by one person, the department head, who makes the initial contact with prospective faculty members at respective(a) professional meetings held during the school year.If the department head stick outnot go steady a meeting recruiting is done by an instructor from the business department. Projections are that enrollment at Northwest State will adjoin about 25% in the conterminous five years. Most of the increase is expected in the business area. The ideal faculty size would be about 16 full-time instructors. Most of the full-time instructors onlinely in the Department of Business Administration hold MAs or MBAs from various northern colleges. The salary scales and fringe benefits are considered to be slightly lower than the compensation acquirable at similar colleges in the region.In addition to e genuinely increase in faculty members needed callable to enrollment, three replacements are needed for this fall in the business area to replace individuals who have asleep(p) elsewhere. Northwest State has a recruiting policy that requires final favourable reception of candidates by the department head, the vice chairwoman for academic affairs, and the president of the college. In addition, the school has a policy requiring that at least two candidates be invited to the campus before any candidate can be hired so that adequate screening can take place.Often the result is a waiting period of two months between initial contact, application, and campus interview for most applicants. Some other small colleges in the area pay full travel expenses for capableness candidates, while the majority of the others pay at least half. Northwest State does not pay any travel expenses if the candidate is not hired. Only if the candidate is offered a stake and accepts is full reimbursement for travel expenses given. unremarkably the payment comes about two months after the campus interview. In the past Northwest State has not been very successful in filling empty seats.The president is concerned and wants to evaluate the recruiting program so that a better one can be designed. Questions 1. List the reasons why you would not consider a position at Northwest State if you were a voltage applicant. 2. Evaluate the approval procedure for applicants. 3. What would be the components in a recruiting system you design? 1. Beginning, I would not be interested in a position at Northwest State college for these reasons Firstly, due to the sala ry scales being slightly lower than the compensation available at similar colleges in the region.There are currently instructors at this college that hold MBAs and MA who are not being compensated accordingly at college which wants to see growth of 25% in the next five years. Secondly, considering how rigorous the selection go appears to be for potential applicants an incentive to off set the process would be to at the least cover ones travel expenses in advance. These proponents do not make a great first impression toward me and show the school potential lack of interest in recruiting the stovepipe instructor available.Lastly, I would have addition concerns regarding the current vacancies that need to be filled. There just almost question that need to be answered. If the enrollment is planning to ramp up then why is it that faculty do not want to have part in a growing institution. 2. In evaluating the approval procedure for applicants the components the college has in place app ear to be thorough and in-depth. However, some of the policies in place are some much in depth that it could deter an applicants interest in the position.If the president had the confidence in it department head then some steps in the approval procedure could be eliminated. The current screening process requires too much time in between the initial contact, application end and the campus visits of applicants. 3. Through evaluating Northwest States recruiting process it allowed for me to consider in designing a recruiting system with effective components First, I would consider training new hires due to its financial advantage amend their prior external carry out (204).Secondly, being a strategic recruiter by discovering talent before it is needed, capitalizing on windfall opportunities when there is an abundance of highly qualified people (195). If this component can be executed then the talent potential increases for fulling a position when time. Another component I would implem ent in my recruiting system is develop inviolable Internet recruiting abilities.

Sunday, May 19, 2019

American Heart Association

According to American Heart affiliation website aha. org, lack of information intimately heart malady led to the thinking that a heart patient was doomed and ought to take unadulterated bed rest.In 1915 a pioneering group of physicians and social workers formed an association for Prevention and Relief of Heart unsoundness in New York City and investigate the possibility of their return to work. In 1920s these groups evolved into heart associations in Boston, Philadelphia and Chicago. In 1924 six cardiologists namely Dr. Lewis A. Conner and Dr. Robert H.Halsey of New York Dr. Paul D.White of Boston Dr. Joseph Sailer of Philadelphia Dr. Robert B. Preble of Chicago and Dr. Hugh D. McCulloch of St. Louis sort outd to different groups founded a field plaque American Heart Association to share research findings and promote further study. In addition Dr. James B. Herrick of Chicago and Dr. William S. Thayer of Baltimore were instrumental in early planning. In 1946 AHA received $5 0,000 donation from American Legion for conducting research and develop a community rheumatic fever program. In 1948 AHA reorganized by recruiting non-medical volunteers with skills in business management, communication, public education, community constitution and fund raising to broaden its scope and operations. subsequent this year AHA made public debut through mesh topology radio contest programs The Walking Man, on the Truth or Consequences hosted by Ralph Edwards receiving contributions and guesses from one thousand millions of Americans earning $1. 75 million and identifying Jack Benny as the Walking Man. American Heart Association divisions were organized all over the country by a small national staff in New York City.A first national fund-raising campaign was launched in February 1949 and an amount of $2. 7 million was raised. Since then the organization has developed in leaps and bounds in all respects such as financial resources, involving medical and non-medical vol unteers, size and influence. The National Center of AHA was shifted to Dallas in 1975 from New York City for serving the affiliates and local anesthetic divisions in a unwrap way. These affiliates are led by volunteers and form a national network of local AHA organizations involved in various activities such as research, education, community programs and fund raising for the organization.The organization laid emphasis on cardiovascular science, cardiovascular education, community programs and fund raising efforts. AHA could achieve better research standards, newer healthcare site modules and also developed various new cookbooks. Inclusion of women and minorities in the leadership ranks paid off by providing a chance to understand squeeze of heart disease and accident on women and minorities. The organization created new divisions for dealing with concussion and emergency cardiac care.In order to economize and exit wider publicity the association decided to outsource the scient ific journals and publish them online. In March 1995 the AHA adopted a strategic driving force which describes the usage resources to support its mission. The driving force can be draw in five parts as follows Credible information services and products on heart disease and stroke Multiple distribution channels to meet customers needs Consumer markets restricted to the United States Prioritization relative to risk of infection Science and community mobilization as foundation.The strategic driving force of the organization can be described as Effecting change by providing information and solutions for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and stroke in people of all ages, with special emphasis on those at high risk. Impact goal of the organization is to reduce coronary heart disease, stroke and risk to 25 per cent by the year 2010. Indicators of the impact goal being the following ? Reduced death rate from coronary heart disease and stroke by 25 percent ? Red uced prevalence of smoking, high blood cholesterol and physical inaction by 25 percent? Reduced rate of uncontrolled high blood pressure by 25 percent ? Elimination of the growth of overweight and diabetes. The AHA has its National Center at Dallas, Texas and 12 affiliate offices covering the US and Puerto Rico with the operations being divided into seven main areas as verbalize below (a rough outline of each area are mentioned below) 1. Office of the CEO Administration, Communications, Legal, Food affidavit and Consumer publications. 2. Advocacy Public Advocacy (Washington, D. C. ), Health Initiatives and Field Advocacy (State/Local Public Policy) and Minority initiatives.3. corporate Operations Finance, Human Resources, Production and Distribution and Audit and Consulting Services. 4. Field Operations and Development Development, Major presenter Development, Corporate Relations, Strategic Accounts, Emergency Cardiovascular Care Programs and American box Association. 5. Healt hcare Markets American Stroke Association, Strategic Alliances, and Patient Education. 6. Science Operations Research Administration and scientific Publishing, Science and Medicine, Professional Education, Scientific Meetings and Marketing and Patient Education.7. Technology and Customer Strategies Customer Relations, Digital Strategies and Information Technology. Three stake holders affect due to agencys action include American Stroke Association, National Heart, Lung, and Blood comprise (NHLBI) and the organizations publishing the scientific journals for AHA. In concluding remarks I would like to state that American Heart Association as discussed above has risen from a small association to a major one with wellspring planned set of activities and functions.The organizational structure depicts stability with excellent services to mankind and is bound to tally recognition internationally in times to come. References History of the American Heart Association. American Heart Assoc iation (2007). Retrieved on February 09, 2007 from http//www. americanheart. org/presenter. jhtml? identifier=10860 Organizational Structure. American Heart Association (2007). Retrieved on February 09, 2007 from http//www. americanheart. org/presenter. jhtml? identifier=11282

Saturday, May 18, 2019

Living As If God Does Not Exist Essay

Since ancient times, alongside societys development is the widespread proliferation of the religious consciousness of adult malekind. Although primitive small-scale societies had always been depicted as animists and polytheists, the excogitation of the High God is a common theme that has already been disc e precisewhereed. Studies of ancient societies have revealed in the tone of a Supreme Being, although this was also coupled with godliness of lesser spiritual entities since the Supreme God seems opposed and uninvolved in daily concerns of men.Comp bed with modern men, people of the ancient past were mainly agricultural communities. They are basically more aware of their natural surroundings and the different forces which affect his sustenance and survival. Many of these forces are beyond his control and understanding. Early man was therefore more accustomed to acknowledge the population of a Great Being who is responsible for the human beings of the world and the one who i s in complete control over all.Worship, whether to God or lesser spirits, has practically been closely associated with receiving favour and positive results, or to ward send off negative conditions like sickness. But current mode of positionings and perspectives that pervade modern men has increasingly macrocosm held under the spell of feelings that exclude God and the invisible world from the realm of reality and sidereal day to day living. Such an approach to life however, is not entirely exclusive in modern times.This was already collapse in the distant past where there were critics of religious beliefs for instance among some of the ancient Greek philosophers and the roman Lucretius in India, where more or less see it as a rich trust of religious practices, materialism has already flourished at the time of the Buddha and for many centuries afterward which basically disowned all belief in a transcendent world and in China, rationalist Confucianism often involved a sp urnion of religious doctrine.But these protests against the existence of and reliance of a Supreme Being or of spirituality in general, are only intermittent and never gained majority allegiance during its time. But this is now greatly pronounced in the modern limit than ever before, since the powerful restatements of atheism and agnosticism have shew a wide success in acceptance and next. The rise of the scientific discoveries and inventions, as well as the increase of intellectuals has made it more nonpareil to reject the existence of God and other religious values.Man sees himself as the ultimate controller of his destiny, as he experiences more control of the things that affect him. As greater understanding of the world around him is achieved, man sees a greater lack of importance in relying on an unseen and somewhat distant God. new-made man is also pressed with many concerns. The large plurality of manual workers that were born of out of industrial enterprise in the big cities of northern Europe have caused them to become largely alienated from the doctrine of their fathers. It is twain the social and intellectual forces which have thus combined to promote a widespread practical atheism. at that place are mainly anti-religious ideologies of modern man which has come to influence modern day persuasion. First, was the growth of large humanism that principally influenced the western world. This philosophy is rooted in the scepticism of the eighteenth century it received a greater momentum from the religious controversies of the nineteenth century. Second, was the spread of German font of atheism which were popularized by the writings of Feuerbach, Marx, and Nietzsche. Nietzsche even pronounced the expiration of God in one of his writings.He announced the death of God, as man is awakened to the reality that God is only a creation of the human mind. nowadayss society is very much influenced, although mostly indirectly, by the banner of humanism that fiercely denounces the existence of God and His requirements. Humanism passionately proclaims that the acknowledgement of God is a declaration of war against life, against nature, against the will to zippy and that Christianity is the formula for every slander against this present world and guilty of proliferation of lies of a world beyond or afterlife.Out of this, came the atheistic Communist ideologies, which for some time in the past, has pronouncedly divided the world. Then, there were also the philosophic movement known as Existentialism, which ironically had Christian origins through the work of Kierkegaard, has nurtured within it a newer type of atheism, popular since the Second realism War. Such a deluge of assault on the Christian faith would seem overwhelming and puzzling to those who profess faith in it. God and Christianity seem to have often called down upon strong denunciations.But it is not entirely out of reason. There has been the spectacle of inter-denomina tional strife, the growing cynicism towards the authenticity of those who were discover figures of the Christian faith as against their extravagant lifestyles, memory of persecutions, and the political conservatism of many Christians all these essential be taken into consideration. However, what could be considered a more major reason for rejection is because of the more common connectedness of Christianity with Puritanism.There have, indeed, always been pronounced ascetic elements in the Christian experience, although they are considerably less than in most other of the world religions. It hind end be said though, that Puritanism and ascetism obviously have important place in certain kinds and phases of different religions. Puritanism demands the population at large to conform to it. Central to the Christian belief is the submission to the Supreme Being, and His instructions. The world, as symbolized by Nietzsche, continuous to express a strong reaction against such beliefs.G od and his laws are often received as restrictive, since mans experience show that he possess desires and instincts which often goes in conflict to what God approves, and must therefore contend with it for most of his time. For most men, this seems to constitute a kind of conspiracy to confine human self-expression and freedom. It is not surprising then, to see an copiousness of decay in wide areas of society, since unwillingness to submit to Gods authority is more likeable in order to gratify the self. God is therefore seen as an enemy against the fulfilment of the desires and plans of the self.In adjunct to this, many simply suspect that those kill-joy Christians, do make those impositions on others condemning jollification and gaiety, as an unconscious mind repressions and anxieties which stems from Freudian influence. The rejection of the divine and supernatural is not just a mere intellectual scepticism nigh the truth of God and Christian beliefs it has also been an emotio nal rebellion as well. Social factors have contributed. As we have seen, the dislocations caused by industrialism in many Western countries, have produced the alienation of much of the working masses from Christianity.In addition, social forces have brought a distrust of the older forms of authoritarianism. This was already demonstrated between the World Wars, the rejection of being ruled by a higher force. Moreover, this has been heightened after the war where many younger ethnic music have opportunities of work and spending that often creates a sense of being relatively independent. This new found independence rewards mans desire to be the sole controller of his own life. Such an attitude was already displayed since mans creation. Self-rule, the rebellion against Gods authority has become the norm.With this development, the traditional forms of Christian teaching and preaching and the presentation of the ethical side of Christianity as something fixed and God-given have not had a widespread effectiveness. What is more popular in many folks of todays generation is the union to anti-authoritarianism and which continuous to stimulate anti-Church feeling, even to the political level. Various advocacies that are being presented with much militancy and following today (i. e. same sex-marriage) run in complete opposition to God- declared laws.It is therefore not an unpredicted condition that those who support such advocacies will reject Gods authority and existence. Gods in-existence would mean that man can do whatever seems chastise in his own eyes. Truth and right is therefore relative. Also, aside from the agnostics and anti-religious atheism, are those within the so-called Christian societies, are a large figure of people who simply do not attend church or religious ceremonies (Smart, pp. 558-573). They are not necessarily lacking in religious belief, but nevertheless they do not feel themselves called upon to run low to any religious organization.They ar e people who live in a large, gentle twilight zona between religiousness and agnosticism. They have inherited much of the humanist movement, but they do not component the intellectual presuppositions. They include many, therefore, who, when asked, profess belief in God or more vaguely in a Power which controls the cosmos. But they are not convinced of actively participating in worship of such a Being as something essential of ones existence. They are not inclined to pray, seek God, read the Bible, though they might possibly do so in times of nisus or great danger.They are, for the most part, alienated from the fellowship with God and the fellow believers. They are aware of the differences of teachings in different denominations, and are thus mistrustful of dogma. They have no wish to deny Gods existence outwardly, but they do not desire to seek and know Him. They have reverence for a Creator but they feel that God is distant and detached. They respect Christian moral values, but they reject Puritanism. They do not have much sense of sin, but they admire saintliness. They are worried by death, and they hope to live for a better afterlife.But the division between heaven and hell they do not feel. Such people far outnumber the committed atheists and the explicit agnostics. For many members of society today, intelligence possess greater prestige derived from the practical benefits of technology and the awesome mumbo-jumbo surrounding the expert, has superseded that of religion. The current civilization can be depicted in such a state. Although the blatant atheists and agnostics have been relatively few, the influence of their thinking has been formidable.Despite the advancement in knowledge, man has generally been ignorant of God and His ways. What is generally esteemed as wise, those who reject God, does not see the pointlessness of their argument. Creation itself speaks as a witness to His transcendence and existence. What is evident in creation is the pres upposition of a Creator. If the world and the universe came out of chaos, scientific discoveries show that everything in it has a purpose and held with much order, which could not basically flow in congruence with the accident theory.Also, the dreaded functions of the human body, also defy such a premise that man was created by chance. For man to reject his Creator and His authority is one of the most miserable and worse thing that has occurred to man. Man indeed is very much in need of redemption from the futility of his own way of thinking.Reference Smart, Ninian. (1984). Contemporary spiritual Experience. The Religious Experience of Mankind. New York Charles Scribners Sons