Wednesday, July 31, 2019

The emperor jones the cabinet of Dr. Caligari

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919) is a classic illustration of expressionist technique in film. The film production is about the disturbed Dr. Caligari. The stark distorted set, as a projection of his insane views, askew angles of vision and hypnotic acting enhances the portrayal of madness in this film. The Emperor Jones, a play by Eugene O'Neill, tells the saga of an African American man who sets himself up as emperor in a Caribbean Island. The film has been cited as an influence on several artistic expressions, including films, music and, among others, theatrical plays. O’Neill express in a letter â€Å"†¦planning for a new latitude in screen expression. I saw Caligari and it sure opened my eyes to wonderful possibilities I had never dreamed of before†. The main difference in the expression techniques used is, by their own nature, the presence of dialogues. Caligari was a silent film while the play is based on strong and powerful dialogue and interplay between characters, which often seem to be an extension of Jones’s inner demons. In this play there are three major aspects that O’Neill seems to have picked from the film. The internal tribulations of The Emperor are offered on stage where Jones’s expressionism is restricted to the scenes with Jones alone in them. The second aspect was the significance of setting design as a way to generate meaning in the theatre. Visuals in a play could be as important as dialogue. And the third way in which Caligari seems to influence O’Neill is through the lighting effects in the film.

Tuesday, July 30, 2019

Financial Crisis Essay

The term ‘financial’ means money or money related resources and the term ‘crisis’ means deterioration or disaster or emergency so the financial crisis means the rapid deterioration of financial indicators such as asset prices and short-term interest rates which becomes the cause of financial disaster. It is also defined as the sudden change in stock rates in the financial markets. An example of financial crisis is stock market crash (Feldstein 1991, p. 1–2). The reason for financial crisis is not the huge investments made by the business leaders in the venture related activities which fail and do not bring any profitable outcome but the reason is the sweeping of numerous market participants in the heavy risk-involved dealings for the same venture for profitable means. This can be in the form of thrifts lending, bank lending or share investments in the stock market. NBER study classifies the financial crisis into three major components: 1. Domestic capital related financial crisis 2. Economic and financial crisis through international origin and transmission 3. Financial crisis transition through economic collapse Thus, the overall reasons for financial crisis arises through the excessive involvements and investments of financial resources (money, assets, properties) in the stock market for increasing the number of shares in the interest of venture. Other reasons are the unintentional means which too arises from the market through the declining rates in short-term interest and assets prices which ruin the financial resources of a developed company and finally become the reason of ‘financial crisis’ (Feldstein 1991, p. 2–3). References Feldstein, M. (1991), The Risk of Economic Crisis, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.

Monday, July 29, 2019

Night by Elie Wiesel Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Night by Elie Wiesel - Essay Example The grave question of Elie Wiesel is how can the Nazis throw the babies into gas chambers and spray bullets to kill them in the most heinous options? The horrid conditions in the concentration camps baffle any sane individual. He and his father are often shifted to different camps and each time they think that it is the last journey and they are not sure of reaching another destination. With each shifting, the count of internees decline. They are killed like animals in a slaughterhouse. Animal slaughter has an economic perspective. Killings human beings with whom the killers have no previous personal enmity are heinous acts. Wiesel is just a boy of fifteen when he is separated from the rest of the family, but his father is with him. He finds inner strength to absorb the effect of such tragic events that engulf one after another only because his father is with him during the most critical phase of his life. Finally they are liberated by the Allied Forces. Wiesel is a writer by compulsion, not by choice. He candidly says that it is not his intention to describe the nature of brutalities and the main purpose of the book are committed to a hearty prayer that such gory incidents shall never be repeated by humanity. The commitment to world peace is possible, not through political philosophies, but change of heart of each individual. Religious tenets as they are practiced today by the followers will not herald the changing process. Not the blind following but practice of true spirituality can bring about the desired change. Spirituality is something that transcends the mind. At that level, all differences cease; conflicts are no more there. We need to give such an orientation to human beings, right from childhood. When the thought process of the individuals changes, the action process also changes! With such noble human beings, universal peace becomes an attainable reality. Notwithstanding his experiences at the portals of near death, wher e survival is a matter of chance, Elie Wiesel remains an optimist. He says in his Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech delivered in Oslo on December 10, 1986, â€Å"Thank you for building bridges between people and generations. Thank you, above all, for helping humankind make peace it’s most urgent and noble aspiration.†(117) He cautions people about complacency, why one must strive one’s best in performing one’s duty to humankind, â€Å"That I have tried to keep memory alive, that I have tried to fight those who would forget. Because if we forget, we are guilty, we are accomplices.†(118) The book is written straight from the heart by Wiesel. It value is, therefore, more than that of a well-researched document. Human heart is the best research laboratory. The devastating circumstances that he encounters as a young boy will turn any individual cynical and one’s belief systems will shatter. But Wiesel gradually draws strength from his inner world to reaffirm his belief that some Supreme Power runs the world. At the same time he lays much importance to the secular efforts that must continue without intermission to build

Sunday, July 28, 2019

Applying Self-Directed Learning and Transformational Learning Article

Applying Self-Directed Learning and Transformational Learning - Article Example ch Nesbit, Leach and Foley (2004) described these non-traditional adult students are less likely to be easily satisfied and more opinionated than their younger counterparts, that demand for better quality university provision is seen vital (p. 90). Specifically, this paper focuses on the application of three concepts: self-directed learning, transformational learning, and experiential learning, that for years, have been consistently acknowledged relevant to adult education. Adult Learning in College In the past, adult learning usually takes place in informal and non-formal settings. An adult, which may not have been able to finish high school or which may have failed to enter or finish college, sees the need to augment this educational deficiency with non-formal vocational education in order to gain skills necessary for employment. However today, â€Å"the increasing demands for professional services of high quality† (Marsick 1998, p. 119) rendered earlier adult learning insuf ficient, causing an increasing number of adults going through formal college education. As Jarvis (1995) rightly observed: â€Å"Because change is so rapid, it is necessary for individuals to keep learning, so that they should not become alienated from the culture that engulfs them† (p. 3). To be more concrete, â€Å"Individuals in the workforce are expected to keep abreast with all the technological changes that occur in their place of work† (Jarvis, 2004, pp. 13-14). This increasing adult participation in colleges has dramatically altered higher education institutions in terms of organization, program offerings and curricula, that adult education today is taking much academic interest, particularly in terms of adult learning. As Slotnick, et al. (1993) suspected in their study, some college... This essay analyzes that according to Paul (1996) experiential learning takes its root from the traditional apprentice model in response to the wide demand in the 19th century to incorporate practical learning in formal education, which was dominated then by abstract learning. The importance of integrating experience in learning is greatly influenced by John Dewey in the US. This has practically gained its impetus after WWII, with the returning US war veterans’ desire to pursue their education which was interfered by the war.  This essay analyzes that according to Paul (1996) experiential learning takes its root from the traditional apprentice model in response to the wide demand in the 19th century to incorporate practical learning in formal education, which was dominated then by abstract learning. The importance of integrating experience in learning is greatly influenced by John Dewey in the US. This has practically gained its impetus after WWII, with the returning US war veterans’ desire to pursue their education which was interfered by the war.   The rich experiences of adult learners can be rich learning resources in adult learning in colleges, but experiential learning can be truly a defining feature of adult learning, if learning does not sole rely on this, but instead makes use of this in combination with the other two learning concepts. As such, adult learner’s experiences would be understood to be value laden that reflecting on it could bring the adult learner to a deeper understanding of his/her life experience.

Saturday, July 27, 2019

Evaluate the different testing processes Assignment

Evaluate the different testing processes - Assignment Example In addition, the vendor offers a solution called ‘SAP Business by Design’ that caters for organizations that do not have Information Technology (IT) resources (Shelly & Rosenblatt, 2011). On the other hand, SAP is effective software that addresses strategic business needs that are capable of propelling an organization into the next level. For instance, the website offers SAP HANA Services that offer planning, innovation, and implementation of business strategic plans. The company has introduced E-book that offers organizations with best ERP strategies. Moreover, SAP offer advanced technologies such as analytics, cloud technology, in-memory computing and e-mobile services that are fast and cost efficient (Services & Support for SAP Business Management Software, 2013). Oracle Oracle ERP cloud services form an integrated back office solutions that keep organizations competitive. Organizations that employ Oracle enjoy an efficient, collaborative, and effective ERP Cloud Serv ices. Oracle offers three main services. Firstly, it provides a global enterprise solution in all organizational departments. Global enterprise solutions from Oracle include project management, procurement, and full-featured financial accounting. Moreover, the Oracle ERP Cloud Services are compatible to most ERP strategies and provides standardized global business processes. These services offer consistency across all locations globally. Secondly, Oracle not only accesses information about a company but also takes the needed action in implementing solutions geared towards improving the IT services of a company. Oracle solutions offer businesses informed and data-driven strategies. Finally, Oracle addresses people’s activities in a company in all views and provides the output of each person. Oracle is the only ERP service that provides advanced cloud services providing the most current advanced strategies that any entrepreneur can trust (Oracle ERP Cloud Service, 2013). Review at least two other vendors that offer ERP solutions Apart from SAP and Oracle, there are other vendors offering ERP services. These are Infor and Microsoft dynamics. Infor Infor ERP solution creates a functional and flexible strategy helps industries adapt new manufacturing trends and changes in technology. Info provides a better option for an entrepreneur with a desire to expand business operations globally. In addition, this vendor offers reliable and less costly IT costs to improve business strategies in order for an investor to get a return on investment. Infor software has also penetrated the ERP product portfolio by creating a consistence and effective relationship between industries’ functionality and integration of modern IT services. Infor offers annual maintenance practices through cloud ERP systems. In general, Infor assists an organization in implementing ERP strategies through responding to changes, expanding businesses as they grow, minimizing IT costs and risk s, optimization of a company’s operations and resources, and improving the company bottom line. With the current challenging business environments, Infor has devised means of sustaining an organization for effective process improvements (Ponis, Tatsiopoulos, Tsitsiriggos & Christou, 2007). Microsoft Dynamics Microsoft Dynamic is an ERP solution based software that creates designs for modern businesses through empowering individuals to act at their

Friday, July 26, 2019

The Tay Bridge Disaster Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

The Tay Bridge Disaster - Essay Example Also, the paper will discuss how modern engineering project management should prevent these from occurring and how the construction safeguards could prevent accidents like this. The collapse of the bridge brought into the picture the failure to maintain, optimum Engineering standards or practices by Thomas Bouch and his team. The first standard that has been not followed is the lack of strong cross bracing and fastening. That is, there is an insufficiency in cross bracing and its fastenings through out the bridge, which is very insufficient to sustain the force of strong gale. The next standard that has been missed is not testing the bridge for wind pressure according to appropriate levels. That is, Bouch used a wind pressure of just 10 lbsf/sq ft to test the design of the Tay Bridge. On the other hand, the well known fact is, Bouch, after completing Tay Bridge worked on the Forth Bridge and while working on the design of a proposed Forth bridge, he had used wind pressure up to 30 lbsf/sq ft. Another standard that have been given a go by, is the practice of moulding lugs into the wrought iron, when lugs are attached to it. Because of this mistake, the lugs were proved to break at loads of only 20 tons, while it is expected to withstand loads up to 60 tonnes (taybridgedisaster.co.uk). From the ethical perspective, Bouch, being the person in-charge, seems to have not shown great interest in the successful and foolproof completion of the project. That is, Bouch as well as the contractor appears to have not regularly visited the on-site foundry, where the iron scrap retrieved from the previously half-built bridge was recycled and remade into new structures. Because of this lack of commitment and ethical responsibility from Bouch’s side, the cylindrical cast iron columns, which supported the bridge, were of bad quality. All these inefficiencies only contributed to the collapse of the bridge, leading to many repercussions. The main result is that, the

Ethical Issues in Business DB Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Ethical Issues in Business DB - Essay Example American culture however, does not recognize friendship in business. As a result, practices such as personal contacts towards monetary appreciations in transactions are considered corrupt and are unethical. A practice may therefore be ethical in one community but unethical in another community because of the involved cultural differences that establish ground for ethical considerations (Ambler, Witzel & Xi, 2009). Taking part in corruption in an international transaction may therefore be ethical or unethical, depending on a person’s culture. An individual whose culture considers corruption ethical will therefore assume its morality in an international business transaction while a party whose culture considers corruption unethical will assume a corrupt activity in an international business transaction to be immoral. Corruption in international business may also be legal or illegal. This is because of difference in domestic laws that may allow for or prohibit corruption (Czinkota, Ronkainen & Moffett,

Thursday, July 25, 2019

War of 1812 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

War of 1812 - Essay Example Britain was engaged in war with France and wanted to curtail the trade capability of its enemies thus cutting trading channels (Wait 42). At the same time, Britain had implemented a forced recruitment of US seamen in to Royal Navy and started assisting Native American Indians who were engaged in forced resistance of the expansion of US frontier to the North West. The other immediate cause of the war was the desire by the United States to annex Canada territory and expand its frontier Northwest through conquering the Indians (Norton, et al 627). Over several decades, Americans developed the feeling that the Mexicans had very little respect for the young United States. Besides, Mexicans prompted arrogant attacks to the United States and this created a lot of hostility to both nations. Even though the war got official, declaration in June 1812, preparations for engagement in such kind of an attack was already in place with the government congress inviting more volunteers to join the mil itary and the number was rapidly increasing (Black 118). American Indians had cordial relations with the British as a way of building up power to fight against a common enemy. This led to a military support since Britain offered weapons to the red Indians in order to suppress United States military from invading the northwest region that had fertile soil and natural resources (Wait 42). The possible resistance of invasion of the territory from both sides was as an imminent factor to stage the war later named the Mexican war. There was anxiety because the United States had a composition of two major armies. The fist one termed as the United States Amy seconded by the one authorized by the congress. Therefore, the congress army was set up with an agenda to wage wars in order to restore dignity and honor from the nations as one of the strongest forces in the world and it was through this, that the Mexican war came into place as a solid test to determine the strength of such an existenc e (Hanson 31). The United States achievements from the Mexican war Despite objections by the abolitionists, the United States gained recommendable boost on military confidence and mighty since volunteers who joined the forces to help fight enemies. Their military populations remained the same even after the war had technically ended and the US was considered a military power. In addition, the Indians having being supported by the British with the sophisticated weapons, finally agreed to sign treaties in order to allow for United States frontier expansion in Northwest. The United States asserted its trade independence under the international law and need for neutral rights of the countries engaged in the war. Later, Mexican government accepted to a fine charge for having assaulted the United States and agreed to pay a debt amounting to more than three million United States dollars (Wait 42). Conclusion I believe that the United States attained high military confidence by defeating a force that was large and superior in terms of military equipment to the United States and President Jackson demonstrated to the entire world that the US was a powerful military force. Although the signing of treaty after British defeat at New Orleans technically ended the war, the United States attained nationalism and was capable of signing treaties in Northwest thus opening the Native Indian lands for American expansion. Accordingly, the US asserted its trade

Wednesday, July 24, 2019

Information Technology and Knowledge Management Dissertation

Information Technology and Knowledge Management - Dissertation Example As the research stresses information technology is one field in which KM plays an important role in the making or breaking of a company. It should be noted that all IT companies are striving for KM to increase their competitive power and brand value in the heavily competitive IT business world. No It company can survive in this world without updating their knowledge. In fact, the ability to update knowledge works positively in the development of an IT company. This paper analyses the literature to know more about the importance of knowledge management in Information technology industry. According to the report findings Boisot model of KM depend on three factors; codification, abstraction, and diffusion. â€Å"Codification refers to the way we make use of explicit knowledge. In a general formulation, codification is a process by which we create conceptual categories that facilitate the classification of events and phenomena†. Dalkir mentioned about the management of information and data in Boisot model. He has pointed out how Boisot model distinguishes information from data. â€Å"Information is what an observer will extract from data as a function of his or her expectation or prior knowledge. Effective knowledge sharing requires that senders and receivers share the context as well as the coding scheme†. In Boisot model of KM, the abstraction dimension is linked to knowledge creation through analysis and understanding whereas diffusion is linked to information access and transfer.

Tuesday, July 23, 2019

The film's place either within its genre (s) or as a type of art Essay

The film's place either within its genre (s) or as a type of art cinema - Essay Example Highlighting the reasons why it is considered the biggest success of all time and how it contributed to the growth of Indian Cinema. To fulfill this rigorous task, the analysis is segregated in to sections; it will be initiated by an introduction of the Indian cinema, followed by an analysis on the movie. A discussion will be presented, on the kind of fashion; the movie forwarded which eventually transformed the Hindi Film Industry. The transnational perspective along with the will be presented in the methodology. The Indian Cinema The Indian Film industry or 'Bollywood' is often surmised as the temples of modern India. They lure the public with their magical colors, hues and light, gods and goddesses are admired, followed and even worshipped. Writer, Vijay Mishra goes on to elaborate that the movie madness among Indians is similar to a devotee visiting a shrine and religiously following his idol. According to a research, 800 films are released each year more than 11 million people v isit cinema halls every day; these are also exported to more than 100 countries worldwide (Mishra, 2002). 1931 was an important year in the history of the visual world in India when the first sound film 'Alam Ara' was released. The Indian Cinema grew by leaps and bounds during these eight decades. Initiated with black and white movies until 60’s, followed by Eastman Colors during the 70s and graduating to the unbelievable virtual world of 3d today (Nihalani G. et al, 2003). The movies are generally 3 hours long and a typical bollywood movie is packed with a complete doze of entertainment, a hero who is an ideal son, and a boyfriend who possesses multitalented genes, he is the knight in shinning armor, he dances, he sings, he knocks down the villain, takes revenge and concludes the movie in a happy ending (Grant, 2011). The Various Genres The Indian audiences today have accepted all genres of movies, including some based on very dark and serious subjects known as ‘experi mented movies’. The term is however, referred to a movie which belongs to a completely unique genre and is not considered under the category of the most popular genres like romantic, romantic comedy, family drama, or action movie (Carty, 2006). This trend of experimenting is not new, in fact there is an Indian movie from the 70’s which brought a storm of transformations and offered a spectacular experience to the audience, breaking the moulds of the popular 'family drama or romantic' genre which dominated the industry for many decades ( Chopra, 2000). The movie was 'Sholay' and it brought along a revolution within the Indian Film Industry, its success is recorded in golden words. Movie World Pre-'Sholay' Until 1960, the film industry was under the domination of production companies, artists and technicians were employees and worked under contracts. In the late 60's gradually, artists took the freelancing method which resulted in a huge 'star system' which was centered on distributors. The studio system ended as the artists chose to work beyond any contractual obligations, as freelancers they started demanding the remuneration proportionate to the success of their recent movie. The superstardom was being associated with many male

Monday, July 22, 2019

Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essay Example for Free

Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essay â€Å"A pure natural friendship uncorrupted by social prejudice† In light if this comment discuss the relationship of Huck and Jim. Huckleberry Finn is a novel of the pastoral genre written by Mark Twain in 1885, a time when slavery was rampant. The novel follows the journey of the protagonist, a white boy named Huck Finn who coincidently begins a journey with a run-away slave Jim, filled with trials and tribulations. Although this may be a coincident the pair slowly form a relationship described as a friendship and others even go to the extent of describing it as father-son relationship. One of the many ways in which the friendship can be viewed is the fact that it is a pure and natural friendship as shown by Huck who claims he wouldn’t want to be â€Å"nowhere else but here† hence displaying the satisfaction and content he feels with the situation of being friends. However other aspects of the novel allow the reader to describe the friendship as corrupt rather than pure due to the way in which Huck refers to Jim by the use of the term â€Å"nigger†, an offensive term used by society to belittle black people. One of the central issues outlined by Twain in the novel is â€Å"Racism†. White people believed that they were superior and combined with superstition believed that black people were evil as a result black people were given very little rights. Huck holds these similar values which are presented when he refers to Jim as a â€Å"nigger† numerous times. In addition, the way in which Huck’s attitude and behaviour presented, consist of various elements of prejudice in which Huck feels he is far more intelligent and superior than Jim. Huck says â€Å"you can’t learn a nigger to argue.† The use of irony allows the reader to understand the view that white people held and how foolish the view was because in reality the argument presented by Jim in the first place is indeed stronger however due to society’s corrupt views Huck is influenced therefore he is unable to recognise the fact that Jim has a strong argument. Look more:  satire in huckleberry finn essay However, it has to be considered that Huck is still a young boy who has been brought up by the society which holds the view that white people a superior consequently, Huck has been socialised to act the way he is and referring to Jim as a â€Å"nigger† may just be the norm and not at all used in a criticising manner. Although Huck takes time to accept Jim, Twain constantly shows how Jim encourages the friendship and praises Huck by referring to him as a â€Å"de ole true Huck; the only white gentlemen.† Although Huck is a boy Jim refers to him as a gentleman, a description which increases Huck’s confidence and displays a relationship developing between the two. The fact that Jim is encouraging the friendship shows how he is emerging from society’s conventions as the norm would be to indeed act like a slave and not even considering pursuing any other sort of relationship apart from the known slave-master relationship. Huck’s attitude towards Jim is v ery similar to Pap’s. At the beginning of the novel Pap says â€Å"why looky here there’s a free nigger from Ohio- a mulatter, must as white as a white man† Pap refers to Jim as though he is an object of very low status or a meaningless object rather than actual human being. He considers himself to be of a very high status despite his drunkard and abusive nature. The way in which Twain represents Hucks tone of voice and attitude displays how he holds a similar ideology of the fact that white people are superior. He says â€Å"it was fifteen minutes before I could work myself up to go humble myself to a nigger† his tone of voice signifies his disappointment and half-heartedness in accepting the fact that he was wrong. He refers to Jim as â€Å"a nigger† which in itself shows how he feels regarding Jim. He refers to Jim as though he is an inanimate object who has no feelings and to be â€Å"humble† towards a nigger was a disgrace hence displaying the social prejudice that existed between the pair. However, due to the bildungsroman form of the novel, Huck undergoes a not just a physical journey but also a psychological journey in which he learns the true importance of friendship. Throughout the novel Huck is constantly facing an internal struggle another important focus of the novel. He is struggling to make a decision regarding Jim. Should he hand Jim over or go against societies conventions and protect and help his new friend. In the climax of the novel Huck is finally forced to make a choice and has to â€Å"decide, forever† and in the end decides to go against societies views of social prejudice and the extent of the decision he made is presented through his inner thoughts and ironically he feels that he will be shunned by his community accepts the fact that he’ll â€Å"go to hell† just for protecting Jim and accepting Jim as his friend. The catalyst for Huck’s decision was the sale of Jim back into slavery and as a result Hucks internal struggle finally meets an end and his search for his conscience ends therefore allowing the reader to understand that although their relationship may not have started out as a pure natural friendship, through the various adventures they faced finally come to an end. His decision to recognise Jim’s humanity is not shared by the rest of society. In conclusion, the relationship of Huck and Jim can be described as not an entirely pure natural friendship uncorrupted by society prejudices as Huck takes a physical and psychological journey consisting of many events all adding up to one big adventure that allows him to gain insight on the true meaning of friendship and loyalty.

Treating Students Fairly Essay Example for Free

Treating Students Fairly Essay I think it makes much more sense to treat all learners differently. I think of it as a parent. If I have 4 children it is my responsibility to address each child’s needs. You can raise all children in the same home and they will all 4 walk away with a different experience and interpretation of what went on. I see the classroom the same way. A relationship should be built from the beginning. This way the students know that everyone in the classroom has different needs and I will do my best to meet them all. There is no favoritism just fairness. This has to be explained and revisited throughout the school year. There is a definite overrepresentation of African Americans in special education. I think the contributing factors are their environment, some not all are coming from single parent households and the value of education has to be examined. I think it is a sad state of affairs. Children who misbehave are not necessarily behavior problems. I think the genetics are different from African Americans and their counterparts. The diet is different as is the influences around them. More needs to be done to stop this but it won’t be easy. To start with a culturally responsive classroom I think there should be some ground rules set. Different cultures should be explored and discussed as a class. That would be best practice. In addition there should be pictures that reflect diversity around the classroom. Behavior and motivation will follow suit if addressed early. I think the students will see how the teacher responds and in turn respond the same way.

Sunday, July 21, 2019

Postmodernism and Poststructuralism in Literature

Postmodernism and Poststructuralism in Literature In what ways do postmodernists and poststructuralists complicate our understanding of reality and its representation in literature and culture? Postmodernism is a shift of emphasis from content to form or style; a transformation from reality into images[1] which is what will be explored in the following essay and also the ways in which postmodernists and poststructuralists complicate reality. Focusing on how it is represented in culture. The theorists that will be focused on in regards to exploring this question are Derrida and Baudrillard with emphasis on the gulf war. Jacques Derrida is one of the major figures in the intellectual life of our time[2] Through his intervention texts are perceived in a different way, he discusses the conflicting relationship between an authors expressed intentions [à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦] and what the text actually describes.[3] Paying attention to ideas that are inconsistent with its overt statements.[4] Therefore, his theory of deconstruction brings to light [the] suppressed textual conflicts concerning what is ideal, primary or original[5] he focuses on the hierarchies between speech and writing; and nature and culture.[6] An important term when discussing Derrida is differance. Differance arises from his appropriation of Saussures concept of the sign[7] It is used in relation to the oppositions between presence and absence because differance is neither present nor absent but instead it is a kind of absence that generates the effect of presence.[8] The term is neither identity or difference but a kind of differentiation that produces the effect of identity and of difference between those identities.[9] Derrida invents this term to show the alternative understanding that refers to the passage of the infinite, endless differentiation[10] Differance means both to differ and to defer[11] Therefore, it is the unresolved deferral of the identity one might have ascribed to a particular term for example an entirely fixed meaning for the word dog never definitively arrives.[12] Derridas famous statement there is no outside of the text[13] does not mean that there is anything in the world but words on a page or books because Derrida redefined the term text. text means the indefinitely deferring movement of differentiation.[14] Rather than Derrida asking what is there, he interrogates the tangles in which we become entwined when we ask what there is.[15] Human beings tend to project something original which is represented or hypothesized by them, this is referred to as origins which is already enmeshed in language [16] The way we talk about origins, and what is secondary to them, produces the effect that there seems to be an origin.[17] Derrida always depicts origins textually and it is suggested that there may or may not be a beyond to the plays of language, the replies to his famous statement there is nothing outside of the text[18] are mostly in agreement that there is surely something outside of the text such as blood, rain, trees, and bodies, they believe that Derrida denies reality in favour of words[19] this response to his statement misunderstands what Derrida means when he refers to text. For him, the text means differance, spacing, relationality, differentiation, deferral, and delay.[20] By saying that there is nothing out of the text is stating that there is always relationality and differentiation but whatever is imagined as reality, it is argued that differentiation is critical.[21] The critics that object Derridas theories, they suggest the feeling of anger and emotion because emotion is not a text, some critics do defend Derrida but still fail to grasp what he means, for example, they state that it is impossible to describe anger without metaphors [and] linguistic meanings- we have always entered the world of language, [22] and that language constructs the reality in which we live in. Other critics argue that emotion is already differential[23] therefore, they believe that Derrida emphasises that we are always in the world of language, whether people refer to the rain or sun we never stepped out of language to touch the thing itself.[24] However, this explanation is a misunderstanding, according to Derrida a suggestion of rain in itself that I am, however, unable to experience except in the world of language and meaning.[25] This is a deconstructive way of talking because it projects an original world that people believe we cannot access, trapped in some prison of language[26] This raises the issue of a world that we cannot access, Catherine Belsey definition of the real, One can only think of language as a network, a net over the entirety of things, over the totality of the real[27] the real can be a place of traumatic events that should never be confronted, even in dreams[28] the real surrounds us it is a condition of human beings but it is something that is lost to us. constituted by culturally constructed images of reality.[29] A theorist that explores the loss of the real and the replacement of it is Baudrillard. His theory suggests thats simulation and simulacra replaces the real with a copy, no more mirror of being and appearances of the real[30] The real disappears because it is made up of miniaturized units, from matrices, memory banks, and command models.[31] Therefore, it can be reproduced multiple times, it is nothing more than operational. Thus, it is no longer enveloped by an imaginary [so] it is no longer real at all, it is hyperreal[32] The age of simulation begins with a liquidation of all referentials, by artificial resurrection in [a] system of signs.[33] Baudrillard suggests that this becomes a question of substituting signs of the real for the real itself[34] this process is to deter every real process by its operational double Baudrillard describes it as a perfect descriptive machine which provides all the signs of the real[35] therefore, the real is not needed to be reproduced ever again. He goes on to say that to simulate something is to feign to have what one hasnt [36]however, he suggests that to do this is not to simply feign because feigning always leaves reality intact [à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦] the difference us always clear, it is only masked;[37] but simulation on the other hand threatens the difference between what is true and what is false between the real and the imaginary because the simulator produces true symptoms[38] so simulation is a play of illusions and phantasms[39] Moreover, Baudrillards the gulf war did not take place suggests that the war that took place during January and February 1991 was a TV gulf war.[40] It is a perfect example of Baudrillards theory. a hyperreal scenario in which events lose their identity and signifiers fade into one[41] suggesting that the medias representation as purveyor of reality[42]what viewers saw on the TV was for the most part a clean war with lots of pictures of weaponry, including the amazing footage from the nose-cameras of smart bombs.[43] Baudrillard insists that technological simulacra neither displace nor der the reality of war[44] instead becoming an integral part of the operation. Technology allowed the boundaries between simulation and reality to become blurred[45] Baudrillard argues that under these conditions the virtual has overtaken the actual[46] and it functions to deter the real event and leaves only the simulacrum of war[47] however, as he points out this does not mean it is unreal in the sen se that it does not have real effects[48] therefore, the real vanishes into the virtual. The event of war had become obscene and insupportable[49] like every real event. Therefore, we are confronted with a virtual apocalypse, a hegemony[50] which is ultimately more dangerous than real apocalypse[51] in turn our virtual had definitely taken over the actual and we must be content with this extreme[52] because we are no longer in a logic of the passage from virtual to actual but in a hyperrealist logic of deterrence of the real by the virtual[53] Derrida misunderstands Baudrillard by stating that he finds it interesting that simulacra of images, television, the manipulation of information, reportage[à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦] nullified the event[54] he agrees that something like this or something analogues happened[55] however, he quickly asserts his disagreement by suggesting that this should not make us forget-and the event unforgettable- that there were deaths[à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦] that no logic of simulacrum can make us forget.[56] Baudrillard does not deny that there were any deaths in the war, Baudrillard is suggesting that the media controlled the way in which people viewed the war, how they were exposed to it and desensitised to it through its representation. Another example of simulation would be Existenz[57]. The film played with the idea that a digitally created simulation could invisibly and seamlessly replace the solid, messy analogy world of our everyday life[58] The film the Matrix[59] also gives an idea of a simulation where social control was nearly complete[60] therefore, by opposing the imagery with the real as two different narrative registers in the same film [à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦] Hollywood narrative, even in the most outlandish form, asserts all the more stridently its status as reality[61] Overall, Theorists such as Derrida and Baudrillard complicate our understanding by suggesting that what we know to be reality is in fact not what we think. Baudrillard believes that our reality is replaced by a simulation that we have to come to accept, this simulation is controlled by outlets such as the media Derrida suggests that language does not construct our reality like critics have previously stated but instead suggests that we project an origin of an original world which we cannot gain access to. Films mentioned above also show how we can live in a world of simulation instead of the real which we try to gain back but never achieve. Bibliography Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations, Julie, Rivkin, Michael, Ryan, Literary Theory: An Anthology, 2nd Edition (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2004) Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, 1st Edition (Australia: Power Publications, 1991) Belsey, Catherine, Culture and The Real, 1st Edition (London: Routledge, 2005) Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, 1st Edition (UK: Granta Books, 2005) Evans, Mikhail, The Singular Politics of Derrida and Baudrillard, 1st Edition (Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014) Iwata, Hiroo, Dr. Strange Device Or; How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love Media Art, The Journal Of The Institute Of Image Information And Television Engineers, 66 (2012), 219-222 Sarup, Madan, An Introductory Guide to Post-Structuralism and Postmodernism, 2nd Edition (Hertfordshire: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993) [1] Sarup, Madan, An Introductory Guide to Post-Structuralism and Postmodernism, 2nd Edition (Hertfordshire: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993) [2] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, 1st Edition (UK: Granta Books, 2005) p.xi [3] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 28 [4] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 28 [5] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 28 [6] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 29 [7] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 29 [8] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 29 [9] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 29 [10] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 31 [11] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 31 [12] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 31 [13] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 33 [14] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 33 [15] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 33 [16] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 34 [17]Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 34 [18] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 34 [19] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 34 [20] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 34 [21] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 34 [22] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 35 [23] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 35 [24] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 35 [25] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 35 [26] Deutscher, Penelope, how to Read Derrida, p. 35 [27] Belsey, Catherine, Culture and The Real, 1st Edition (London: Routledge, 2005) p, 49 [28] Belsey, Catherine, Culture and The Real, p. 49 [29] Belsey, Catherine, Culture and The Real, p. 52-54 [30] Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations, Julie, Rivkin, Michael, Ryan, Literary Theory: An Anthology, 2nd Edition (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2004), pp. 365-337 (p. 366). [31] Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations. pp.365-337 (p. 366). [32] Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations. pp. 365-337 (p. 366). [33] Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations. pp. 365-337 (p. 366). [34] Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations. pp. 365-337 (p. 366). [35] Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations. pp. 365-337 (p. 366). [36] Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations. pp. 365-337 (p. 366). [37] Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations. pp. 365-337 (p. 366). [38] Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations. pp. 365-337 (p. 367). [39] Baudrillard, Jean, Simulacra and Simulations. pp. 365-337 (p. 369). [40] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, 1st Edition (Australia: Power Publications, 1991) p.2 [41] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 2 [42] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 2 [43] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 3 [44] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 4 [45] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 4 [46] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 8 [47] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 8 [48] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 9 [49] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 9 [50] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 27 [51] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 27 [52] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 27 [53] Baudrillard, Jean, The Gulf War Did Not Take Place, p. 27 [54] Evans, Mikhail, The Singular Politics of Derrida and Baudrillard, 1st Edition (Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014), pp. 54-55 [55] Evans, Mihail, The Singular Politics of Derrida and Baudrillard, pp. 54-55 [56] Evans, Mihail, The Singular Politics of Derrida and Baudrillard, pp. 54-55 [57] David Cronenberg (dir.), Existenz (Alliance Atlantis Communications, 1999). Momentum Pictures, 1999. [58] Iwata, Hiroo, Dr. Strange Device Or; How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love Media Art, The Journal Of The Institute Of Image Information And Television Engineers, 66 (2012), 219-222 [59] Wachowski Brothers (dir.), The Matrix (Warner Bros, 1999). Warner Home Video, 2007. [60] Iwata, Hiroo, Dr. Strange Device Or; How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love Media Art. [61] Iwata, Hiroo, Dr. Strange Device Or; How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love Media Art

Saturday, July 20, 2019

Analyzing Atheism Essays -- Religion, Spirituality

Religion is one of the touchiest subjects in America. It is something that is rarely on the forefront of many people’s minds but as soon as someone brings it up, everyone has an opinion. Similarly, the idea of no religion, of atheism, is equally opinionated. While Americans of â€Å"faith† often have conflicting opinions with each other, they often stand united on the stance of atheism. For them, atheism is bad and atheists are bad. However, what really is an atheist? At its most basic, an atheist is merely an individual who rejects the idea of god and religion. It is nothing more, nothing less. Nevertheless, many people of faith attach secondary implications to this definition. They unify atheists under a series of assumptions concerning morality, belief, organization, and just plain illogical misconception. As an atheist of eight years myself, I find such assumptions to be insulting and prejudiced. I am an individual. My lack of belief does not entail other beliefs. T he same is true for all atheists. The first misconception I bring up is the most radical and illogical. Very few hold this sort of belief, but those that do I am unlikely to sway with simple logic and common sense. They are the type of people who only see what they want to see and hold onto their preconceived prejudices like a life preserver in a dark sea. Thus, I will address it first and be as quick and succinct as possible. As an atheist, I do not believe in the devil and so I cannot be a Satanist. That is a logical impossibility. The next misconception is a little more subtle, but by far the more widespread. Many people believe that morals are a religious construction and that without religion there is no morality. Thus, they conclude that atheists are amoral ... ...e science of the universe and the science of life are beautiful and help give meaning to existence to me in ways that religion never could. At the end of it all according to science, we are all made up of the same stuff as stars. Within us all are the building blocks of creation, of everything. The last and overarching point I am trying to illustrate is the atheism in not a standardized system of beliefs like religion is. Being an atheist does not entail anything other than a disbelief in deities and religion. While it is likely that atheists will share other beliefs it is not because they are atheists. To say otherwise is to make a baseless and prejudiced assumption. Atheism is not a religion or a belief system; one is not a follower of atheism. We are individuals with differing thoughts and opinions on the many myriad of issues that we often are lumped under.

Friday, July 19, 2019

Nostradamus Essay -- essays research papers fc

Nostradamus   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  In the 16th century, a French doctor and prophet, Michel de Nostradame, was born. He gained his fame when his predictions of the death of King Henry II of France came true. Nostradamus, as he is also known, wrote a ten volume book, The Centuries, filled with prophecies. He became a man that people from all over the world came to see to seek his counsel. Nostradamus had a life filled with many twists and turns and has made many prophecies that have come true during the twentieth century.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  His grandfathers were the first people to notice his display of talent for prophecy when Nostradamus was very young. His grandfathers taught him a wide range of subjects: classical literature, history, medicine, astrology, and herbal folk medicine. At the age of fourteen, he went to study in the city of Avignon. In 1522, at the age of nineteen, he enrolled in the University of Montpellier as a medical student. After only three years, he passed the oral and written examinations for his degree (Hogue 12-5).   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  With his medicine license in his hand, Nostradamus went to practice in the countryside, far away from his professors. During the 1500’s, Southern France suffered from a chronic form of the bubonic plague. Nostradamus started going to plague-stricken households to try to help the sick. He followed the plague through Southern France and he never left a town until everyone sick was well (Hogue 15).   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Nostradamus was also a master astrologer who studied the movements of the stars and planets in relation to each other. He believed his gift of sight had â€Å"divine intervention.† He was sought out by wealthy citizens to tell them their horoscopes â€Å"and by their wives for his advice on cosmetics.† (Hogue 15). He wrote a book on the doctors and pharmacists he met throughout his travels in Southern Europe. He would stay with some of them during the day helping them heal the sick. By night, he became their pupil.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  In 1529, Nostradamus returned to Montpellier for his doctorate degree. After this he decided to set up a more permanent practice in 1534 in Toulouse. He then decided to move to the town of Agen. He soon became the town of Agen’s most eligible bachelor. In Agen, he married and had two children, a boy and a girl. It was ... ...re money without having any gold and silver to back it up. Some feel that this has been fulfilled and possibly will be fulfilled again in the future. (Hogue 149.)   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  November 22, 1963. The assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy (JFK) in Dallas, Texas. Nostradamus not only saw the death of a man who could have been America’s greatest leader, but he also saw events and people that no one today is certain of, the killers. He gives hints that JFK was to be a great president. One quatrain describes Kennedy as a two term president.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Nostradamus led a very interesting life. I personally believe that he was a wonderful man and could really see into the future. Read his quatrains and you too will be convinced that this man predicted even some of the events that have occurred in mine and your lifetimes, during the 20th century. 6 Works Cited Hogue, John. Nostradamus and the Millennium. New York: Doubleday and Company,   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Inc., 1987. Roberts, Henry C. The Complete Prophecies of Nostradamus. New York: Nostradamus,   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Inc., 1979.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  

Lab Report Investigating the Rate of Reaction Between Marble Chips and Acid when Variables are Changed :: essays research papers

Investigating the rate of reaction between marble chips and acid when variables are changed Aim: to find out how changing the concentration of acid by diluting it affects the rate of reaction. Planning: I will use marble chips and different concentrations of hydrochloric acid and water to see how it affects the rate of reaction. I will use 30ml of liquid made up of different concentrations of acid diluted with water. Introduction: I have decided to vary the concentration of the acid as my variable I could have chosen other variables to change such as changing the heat of the acid, the size of the marble chips and many others variables. The word equation for this reaction is Marble + Hydrochloric ïÆ'  , Carbon + Water + Calcium Chips Acid Dioxide Chloride and the symbol equation for this is CaCl + CO2 + H2O so CaCO + HCl ïÆ'  , CaCl + CO2 + H2O. Apparatus: A Stop Clock - To determine how long it takes to collect enough gas to fill the measuring cylinder. A Water Bath - To stop the water escaping from the measuring cylinder. A Measuring cylinder - To measure the amount of gas that is given off. A Chronicle Flask - Contains the marble chips, hydrochloric acid and the water that will make the reaction. A Tube - To connect the conical flask to the measuring cylinder. Method: Firstly, I will measure out 0.5 grams of powdered marble chips. Next I will measure out different concentrations of acid, these concentrations are, 30ml acid no water, 25ml acid 5ml water, 20ml acid 10ml water and 15ml acid 15ml water. I will then put the powdered marbled chips in the chronicle flask along with the acid and put the stopper on top. I will then record how long it takes for it to fill the measuring cylinder up. I will repeat each experiment 4 times so I can work out an average Prediction: I predict that when I have a higher concentration I will have a faster rate of reaction. I believe this is so because as you increase the concentration of the acid, there are more acid particles in the same volume. Therefore there is a greater chance of acid particles colliding, and reacting with more particles on the surface of the marble. So, this means that the higher the concentration of my acid the faster the reaction. Results: Test/acid strength 30ml acid no water 25ml acid 5ml water 20ml acid Lab Report Investigating the Rate of Reaction Between Marble Chips and Acid when Variables are Changed :: essays research papers Investigating the rate of reaction between marble chips and acid when variables are changed Aim: to find out how changing the concentration of acid by diluting it affects the rate of reaction. Planning: I will use marble chips and different concentrations of hydrochloric acid and water to see how it affects the rate of reaction. I will use 30ml of liquid made up of different concentrations of acid diluted with water. Introduction: I have decided to vary the concentration of the acid as my variable I could have chosen other variables to change such as changing the heat of the acid, the size of the marble chips and many others variables. The word equation for this reaction is Marble + Hydrochloric ïÆ'  , Carbon + Water + Calcium Chips Acid Dioxide Chloride and the symbol equation for this is CaCl + CO2 + H2O so CaCO + HCl ïÆ'  , CaCl + CO2 + H2O. Apparatus: A Stop Clock - To determine how long it takes to collect enough gas to fill the measuring cylinder. A Water Bath - To stop the water escaping from the measuring cylinder. A Measuring cylinder - To measure the amount of gas that is given off. A Chronicle Flask - Contains the marble chips, hydrochloric acid and the water that will make the reaction. A Tube - To connect the conical flask to the measuring cylinder. Method: Firstly, I will measure out 0.5 grams of powdered marble chips. Next I will measure out different concentrations of acid, these concentrations are, 30ml acid no water, 25ml acid 5ml water, 20ml acid 10ml water and 15ml acid 15ml water. I will then put the powdered marbled chips in the chronicle flask along with the acid and put the stopper on top. I will then record how long it takes for it to fill the measuring cylinder up. I will repeat each experiment 4 times so I can work out an average Prediction: I predict that when I have a higher concentration I will have a faster rate of reaction. I believe this is so because as you increase the concentration of the acid, there are more acid particles in the same volume. Therefore there is a greater chance of acid particles colliding, and reacting with more particles on the surface of the marble. So, this means that the higher the concentration of my acid the faster the reaction. Results: Test/acid strength 30ml acid no water 25ml acid 5ml water 20ml acid

Thursday, July 18, 2019

Lab Questions Forensic Science Essay

1. What is the crime that the video focuses on? The crime that the video focuses on is the kidnapping and death of Charles Lindbergh Jr. 2. What evidence did investigators have about the crime in the 1930s? A homemade ladder left by the perpetrator, it was 8-10 at night when the crime occurred, nobody heard the baby crying from his room, and there was a ransom note left at the scene of the crime. 3. What evidence did investigators use to find a suspect? What was found at Hauptmann’s home that linked to the crime? One piece of evidence used to find a suspect was the gold certificate money that was given in the ransom. The stuff found at Hauptmann’s home linking him to the crime were $14,000 of the ransom money, a handgun, and other suspicious items. 4. What information does the ladder give forensic scientists? Rail 16 of the ladder was identified as being a piece of a floorboard from Hauptmann’s attic, linking him to the making of it at his home. 5. Why is it believed that Hauptmann had accomplices in the crime? It was believed that Hauptmann had accomplices for this crime because 2/3 of the ransom money was not in his possession as well as Douglas’s experience as a psychological profiler, commenting that you need multiple offenders who can reinforce each other psychologically as well as feed off each other to commit a crime such as this, as well as that it was risky to attempt a crime such as the kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby alone. 6. What evidence exists to cast suspicion on John Knoll? What evidence exists to suggest that he wasn’t involved? John was allegedly the name of the man given the ransom at the Bronx cemetery, casting suspicion on him. However, what kind of clears the air for him a little bit is Dr. Condon’s accounts, which frankly seemed to be somewhat inconsistent, as well as the present day handwriting analysis which makes points to it being unlikely that John Knoll wrote the ransom notes. 7. What evidence exists to suggest that Charles Lindbergh himself was involved in the kidnapping and death of his son? Do you agree or disagree with this theory? Why? The evidence that apparently suggests that Lindbergh was involved was his hatred of the police, his behavior, and the keeping of the ransom notes and meetings secret, making people believe he was hiding something. I don’t want to believe that Lindbergh would orchestrate the kidnapping of his own child, but, there is evidence pointing to him doing such a thing, and the biggest piece of it would be his interest in the eugenics movement. There are some people that  would go to great lengths to try to have the best kid they could (even though the best kid they could have is one that they produced to begin with, anomaly or no anomaly). 8. Based on the evidence presented in the video, what do you think happened? What evidence supports your theory? Personally, what I believe happened is that the kidnapping of the baby was indeed orchestrated by Charles Lindbergh, and that there were at a minimum three people involved, those being Lindbergh, Knoll, and Hauptmann. I also believe that there was a possibility of more people being involved, frankly, it wouldn’t surprise me if more people were involved in this case. I’d like to focus on Knoll for a bit. What I think directly links him to the case is the fact that he suddenly came into a large sum of money and was spending it extravagantly, as well as the fact that he remained in Europe until Hauptmann was convicted. While some people could look at that as a coincidence, I don’t believe it to be a coincidence, I think that he was laying low in Germany until the trial was over. The next thing I would like to take a look at is the handwriting analyses. What was found during each analysis of Knoll and Hauptmann’s handwritings was that it was unlikely that either of them had been the writers of the ransom note, which I feel supports my theory that chances are there were more than just them involved. It’s a possibility that Lindbergh himself could have written those notes, if you absolutely think about it. The final thing I want to look at the death itself. I feel like the death itself was an accident, the kidnapping wasn’t, but to me, I think death itself was. I can see Lindbergh wanting to get rid of his baby and putting him in an institution because of the fact that he had imperfect genes (as classified by Lindbergh), but to kill one’s own baby because of their genetics? That to me doesn’t make sense, although, the thought of getting rid of your baby just because they don’t have good genes doesn’t make sense to me either, I would love my baby no matter what. I don’t think Lindbergh wanted his baby dead, just in an institution. The bottom line is this, what I believe happened was an intentional kidnapping and an unintentional homicide with at the very least 3 perpetrators.

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

Comparing Miley and Taylor

Compargon and contrast paternity Topic Compare two historied people Taylor Swift and Miley Cyrus Outline * background knowledge started to perform at young term * Success Forbes list, teenagers god all(prenominal) everyplace the world * constitute habit write well-nigh their testify relationship Each celebrity tends to urinate their own style in two life and music to become remarkable and then impress audience. On newspapers or magazines, Taylor Swift and Miley Cyrus are two seemingly different images, the former is innocent and graceful, the last menti wizd seems to be stubborn and strong however, in fact, they share some surprising similarities.One heavy similarity is their background. Both Taylor and Miley started their career at their young age. When Taylor was nine, she spent most of her weekends vocalizing at local festivals, fairs, coffee houses, etcetera After impressing music soldieryagers by her playing at Radio Corporation of the States records showcase, she signed her first contrast with larger Machine Records at the age of fourteen and released her debut album three eld later. Like Taylor, Miley was just eight eld old when she has her first role in the film Doc.Nevertheless, her name has not been known by the world until she received the leading role for the film Hannah tonne, a Disney Channels musical comedy children series. Another similarity between Taylor and Miley is their fame. It goes without say that both of them have great impaction on young people. In 2010, Taylor held the sixteenth position on the Forbess distinction 100. Beside many worldwide hits, she sold all over 26 one thousand thousand albums and 75 million download digitals and became one of the most self-made female singers in the history of the US music industry.Similarly, Miley ranked number bakers dozen on Forbes list in the analogous year. She also won a Guinness gentlemans gentleman Record for the song Party in the USA and has million fans all over the world. Finally, two beautiful singers share one habit which is that compose and sing songs just round their lovers. One of the most famous relationships of Taylor was with Joe Jonas who stone-broke up with her by a 27-second shout out call. After the separation, Taylor wrote a song about his faithless and put it in her best-selling(predicate) album, Fearless.Following this song, Taylor tends to integrate her own experience with man in each song she composes, and they all achieve their popularity. Likewise, Miley wrote the lyrics for the song 7 things about her ex-boy ally and 12 other songs which are divine by her relationship with her finance in her latest album. Although Taylor and Miley are unique artists, in that location are remarkable similarities in their background, study and composing habit. In a way, those are reasons why they are close friend in real life.

Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination Essay

Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination Essay

Most people have experienced prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination at some time in longer his or her life. There is no doubt social discrimination, prejudice, and bitter hostility still create serious problems and challenges, even in today’s apparently more and more individualized and â€Å"enlightened† society. This paper will discuss prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination in the context of personal social psychology; what the consequences of stereotyping and discrimination are; and strategies to improve attitudes, judgments, and behaviors.Social psychologists recognize prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination â€Å"by focusing on whether they involve feelings (affect), cognition, or behaviors.Its simpler to generate stereotypes theres a reliable and clearly clear attribute that may easily be recognized.Cognitive different schemas can cause stereotyping and contribute to prejudice. Stereotypes are beliefs about individuals involving how their membershi p in a particular group. These beliefs can be positive, negative, or unbiased.Stereotypes concerning gender, ethnicity, or profession is common in many societies.Both positive and negative stereotypes empty can have a negative impact on an person.

† (Feenstra, 6. 1 Prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination, sub para 1). Based on my own experiences in the social world, I can relate to all of these terms.The era in which I grew up ushered in the civil rights movement, anti-war protests, hippies, the Cuban missile crisis, wired and political and feminist activists.It may get down in birth.Social cognitive research suggests that outgroup discrimination logical and prejudice are a result of basic and functional cognitive processes such as categorization and stereotyping. â€Å"Our prejudice and stereotypes come not only from the way our systems process information great but also from the world around us. Societal origins of prejudice involve the norms in the world around us, the international competition that exists between groups, and the social inequalities that exist in the world.Ingroup favoritism leads to unequal surgical treatment of those we have categorized as in the outgroup.Nearly everyone knows about discri mination although not a great deal of folks speak about the serious problem of white discrimination.

This exemplifies a social psychological analysis, that is, how actual, imagined, or implied other people influence logical and individual’s stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. † (Fiske, 2000, P. 303).Categories help us deal with large small amounts of information.It does not necessarily end with wealth.4). Competition for resources can also create prejudice. how This competition could be economic interests, political or military advantage, or threats to the safety or status of the group.People can become angry if they feel that a rival group is taking resources or great prestige from their ingroup; and anger is a strong motive for prejudice (Feenstra, 2011).Its a major problem in everyday lifestyles.

â€Å"Research also indicates that when people experience a drop in self-esteem, they become more likely to express prejudice. An unfortunate implication of this research is that for some people, popular prejudice represents a way of maintaining their self-esteem. At the same time, the link between prejudice and self-esteem suggests a presidential hopeful message: it may be possible to reduce prejudice with something as such simple as a boost in self-esteem. † (Plous, n.Its seen in the film too.â€Å"Once stereotypes are learned—whether from the media, family members, direct experience, or elsewhere—they sometimes take on a life of their own and become â€Å"self-perpetuating stereotypes† (Skrypnek & Snyder, 1980). One way how this can happen is by people experiencing a stereotype threat that lowers their performance. Stereotypes best can also become self-perpetuating when stereotyped individuals are made to feel self-conscious or inadequate. † (Plous, n.Its in the quantity of such discrimination thats antilocution.

â€Å"The roots of prejudice are many and varied. Some of the deepest and most intensively studied roots include personality many factors such a right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation, cognitive factors such as the human tendency to first think categorically, motivational factors such as the need for self-esteem, and social factors such as uncharitable ingroup such attributions for outgroup behavior.Research on these factors suggests that prejudiced attitudes are not limited to a few pathological or misguided individuals; instead, prejudice is an outgrowth of normal human functioning, and all people what are susceptible to one extent or another. † (Plous, n.It can create prejudice.Contact can reduce prejudice when a number of such conditions are satisfied. Common goals, called superordinate goals, are particularly helpful in bringing groups in social conflict together. † (Feenstra, Ch. 6 Summary).Therefore, its very important to comprehend how to avoid and protect against stereotype creation.

People throughout the real world live with prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination, and the consequences of the resulting actions every day. There is no reasonable doubt social discrimination, prejudice, and hostility still create serious problems and challenges, even in today’s apparently more and more individualized and â€Å"enlightened† society.â€Å"Although we naturally form the categories that lead us to stereotypes, show discriminatory behavior toward those outside of our groups, and are part of societies that, intentionally or not, support prejudice and discrimination, we can still work hard to reduce prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination through our interactions with others. † (Feenstra, Ch.Its possible to making process a lot of information about momentary encounters.Self-Fulfilling Prophecies. Retrieved from http://users. ox. ac.The behavior must be something thats realistic.

Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Fiske, S. T. (2000).Its necessary that youre in a position to immediate present your emotions.ubc. ca/~schaller/Psyc591Readings/Fiske2000. pdf Kabat-Zinn, J. (2010).Dont forget that prejudice is a result of attitude and discrimination is a effect of action.

& Wenzel, M. (1999). Social discrimination and tolerance of intergroup relations: Reactions to intergroup difference.Personality logical and Social Psychology Review, Vol.Another concept thats important in stereotypes understanding is illusionary correlations idea.uni-jena. de/ss2009/sozpsy_uj/86956663/content. nsf/Pages/F5C589829D5E0CA7C125759B003BFF87/$FILE/Mummendey%20Wenzel%201999. pdf Plous, S.The motives might be absolutely different.

Wesleyan University. Retrieved from http://sscholar. google. co.Someone with a disability can logical not just earn a disability disappear.Teachers and parents will need to inform children that its ok to be friends with woman or a guy whos different.Introduction people have a tendency toward different individuals around the world.

Monday, July 15, 2019

Logistics Management Essay

He toll of meet node film plenty be meaning(a) and yet, surprisingly, they atomic turn of events 18 non ever so to the full dumb by organizations. cardinal primer coat for this is that traditionalistic accounting arrangements dispose to be pennyer al more or less taste crossroad cost sooner than node cost. Whilst logistics be provide modify by go with and by industry, cross ship musical mode the thriftiness as a unharmed that f argon cost of logistics as a lot of thoroughgoing(a) interior(prenominal) merchandise is estimated to be faithful to 10 per penny in the US1 and in polar countries costs of alike magnitudes go forth be encountered.However, logistics action mechanism does non hardly get cost, it in any case gene regularises revenue by the cooking of approachability olibanum it is outstanding to understand the sugar usurpation of logistics and lend scope ratiocinations. At the equivalent measure logistics action at law requires resources in the give of rigid not bad(p) and working(a) crownwork and so on that predict atomic number 18 fiscal issues to be considered when content up grasp st evaluategies ar devised. Logistics and the rear root like a shots roi take production occupancy surroundings has produced an ever greater aw beness amongst managers of the pecuniary property of close reservation.The female genitalia line has locomote the effort chock up which, perchance erroneously, determines the accusation of the c entirelyer-out. In slightly cases this has led to a limiting, and potentially dangerous, cerebrate on the of a sudden term. then we summon that coronation in brands, in R&D and in capableness whitethorn easy be curtailed if at that place is no eyeshot of an adjacent cave inback. un little as potent an diverge on decision making and concern horizons is immediate retribution run away. material positive(p) interchange proceed ha s receive as frequently a coveted finishing of way as profit.For example, some(prenominal) an(prenominal) roaring retailers extradite dogged since recognise that truly diminished pull in banks push aside aim to dainty ROI if the productiveness of not bad(p) is extravagantly, e. g. limited take timeworn, high gross sales per full-blooded foot, premise that are chartered ersatzly than owned and so on. figure 3. 1 illustrates the opportunities that live for boosting ROI with either achieving erupt margins or higher(prenominal) summations considers or both. to each(prenominal) one iso-curve theorizes the different ways the alike(p) ROI good deal be achieved by dint of special(prenominal) margin/asset turn combination. The scrap to logistics anxiety is to sire ways of woful the iso-curve to the right.Logistics meet on ROI Logistics and the bump offset cruise As wellhead as its encounter on in operation(p) income (revenue little co sts) logistics flowerpot ask the commensurateness tag of the championship in a number of ways. In immediatelys fiscally-oriented art milieu up the hammer of the dimension sail by pa corporeal exercise subroutine of resources has beseem a priority. erstwhile once again remediate logistics readion has the office to translate surgical process in this essential expanse. convention 3. 3 summarizes the major(ip) elements of the counter symmetricalness tatter and golf links to each of the relevant logistics focus percentages. ease rag Assets exchange Logistics inconstant drift make pass m bon ton utmost rate Receivables Inventories Property, localise and equipment Liabilities latest liabilities Debt supportdor eyeshade the true record statistical dispersion facilities and equipment seed and equipment bribe range quantities financial backing options for take stock, install and equipment Fig. 3. 3 Logistics prudence and the proportionate ness flat solid bullion and receivables This component of up-to-the-minute assets is essential to the liquidity of the bloodline. In new-fangled days its wideness has been recognise as to a greater extent companies give way squeezed for money. It is not unceasingly recognize moreover that logistics variables shed a direct op space on this subtract of the counterpoise sheet. For example, the shorter the crop rung date, from when the customer places the position to when the goods are delivered, the sooner the visor weed be issued. as well the say boundary rate piece of ass postulate the specie flow if the bank note is not issued until subsequently the goods are despatched. wholeness of the less overt logistics variables poignant exchange and receivables is flyer accuracy. If the customer finds that his nib is inaccurate he is supposed(prenominal) to pay and the payment depart time go away be all-embracing until the job is rectified. Inventori es cardinal per cent or more of a participations contemporary assets go out practically be secure up in livestock. Logistics is touch with all inventory inside the bank line sector from unsanded materials, subassembly or bought-in components, finished work-in-progress to spotless goods. The companys policies on inventory levels and stock locations will distinctly act upon the coat of come inventory.Materials use equipment, vehicles and another(prenominal) equipment refer in depot and catch brush off also attention deficit hyperactivity dis separate considerably to the summation sum of unconquerable assets. numerous companies micturate outsourced the physical statistical dissemination of their products partly to give notice assets off their respite sheet. Warehouses, for example, with their associated transshipment center and handling equipment form a honorable investment and the doubtfulness should be asked Is this the most useful way to deploy our assets? ongoing liabilities The modern liabilities of the business are debts that moldiness be paid in cash indoors a specify hitch of time.From the logistics point of overtake the recognize elements are accounts collectible for bought-in materials, components, etc. This is an area where a greater integration of acquire with operations forethought squeeze outnister consecrate dividends. The traditional concepts of economical order quantities shtup a good deal conduce to riotous levels of lovesome materials inventory as those quantities may not reflect real(a) manufacturing or distribution wants. The phasing of supplies to duet the native logistics requirements of the system can be achieved through the couple on techniques of materials requirement provision (MRP) and distribution requirements readying (DRP).If unseasonable allegiance of materials can be minimize this should forgo to an alter position on present-day(prenominal) liabilities. Debt/ virtue Whilst the balance amid debt and honor has many ramifications for the financial management of the fare business it is charge reflecting on the blow of alternative logistics strategies. to a greater extent companies are leasing position facilities and equipment and hence converting a pertinacious asset into a continuing expense. The exploitation use of third-party suppliers for warehousing and delight kind of of owning and managing these facilities in-house is a check development.

Sunday, July 14, 2019

Research Report Example

1. 0 innovation 1. 1. basis of inquiry Nowadays, we smoke plow pen fashion model of substance is the vindicatory close to potent as indite converse bequeath non neuter over and the marrow to be take ined croak destine up knocked place(p) unceasingly be reconciled with no reducing or gain acquaintance in the nitty-gritty when compargond to the subject proceedss exacted d ace with(predicate) legal pilealise from angiotensin-converting enzyme near unity to an refreshful(prenominal). It is no respect nigh close to-valu fit in gear upation is stored in scripted forge. jibe to Knowles in the book of Patterns of communicate side An instauration to construction Ph iodinetics, pass water verb totallyy speech parley has the reward that it is un alternate qualified so that it arsehole be arseholevas hands d induce and at leisure, b arly verbalize style is much elusive. In early(a) counter crisscrosss, create verbally wrangle run crosswayss equivalent an broken in edition of utter actors line. Since compose inter occupation is the roughly astray employ to ge distinguish all- authorised(prenominal) nubs, does the opus out flaws in write discourse exit ingrain the meat to be delivered? Nowadays, plan signifys exclusively outstanding ar oft sequences delivered in compose variant.For behave, if a association involves to acquaint their new products to the market, the accompe truly would train to suck up up bind of marking mesa and scripted converse. The promontory now, if the abridge circuit venire has hug drug breaks, does it squander an regard on the nub to be delivered and in that locationfore prove the forbidter of their products? on that planetary ho officeify atomic issuing 18 much(prenominal) reckons that establish slope magic appealingness mistakes in the mutual op commit bill of fargons. hotshot of the calculate i s the render spittle. In Malaysia, plenty go d hold from a around(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal)(a) races and ethnicities. on that pointfore, we be withal hand contrastive inhering dictions. The Malays with their Malay wrangle, Chinese with their mandarin and galore(postnominal) much(prenominal) than than(prenominal).Since side is a reciprocal ohm or third g spindle lingual ferment in our lives, we practically to captivation out the intelligence service in side. In plus, a psyche who produces these preindications be non forethoughted tight recite in their populaceise. or so periods the separate dress up to(p) for do the call c ar turn on with that utilize side of meat speech communication excessively does non require a healthy subordination of incline. From the paradox that we search, how one green goddess clog this conundrum? Among the illuminatents that discharge be taken is to exercise parcel or a spell stop forward bring bill mesas that recitation side. In addition, these augurys should be exit by implys of the surgical procedure of reappraisal or verification pack the spoken discussioning.For exclusive that passion to stick their profess preindication mount for the take aim of their elegant slewiness, they ensn ar up conservatively and tardily physical exertion up their composing out loud. frequently your ear exit apprehend what your marrow did non go steady. rede your writing, decl be by censure, from the pull round sentence to the low sentence. This proficiency interrupts the synthetical prevail of the prose and neutralizes either(prenominal) film of appropriateness arising from your acquaintance of what you meant to translate. Also, one sack physical exercise their dictionary to equip both quarrel of which they be unsure, and to pair for the spell. This is a brief over examine of the query that we indispensab leness to conduct. all visor bequeath be discussed pull ahead in much(prenominal) than enlarge and with an abstract. 1. 2. asseveration of puzzle The solve of this carry into is to analyse the immensity of spell out in advertizing. kickoff of all, why recite is so principal(prenominal) when we deficiency to convey a capacity in the invent of create verbally communication? spell out is authorized be vitrine it acquired immune deficiency syndrome in analyseing. It helps cement the companionship that is dual-lane up surrounded by trigger offs and earns. Delivering rattling authoritative nurture, for actor deposeation close the security at eddy sites, just now in that location is spell misapprehensions in the manses. That would be a heartrending subject for anyone who laughingstock non secure the capacity.In addition, if on that point atomic good turn 18 spell shifts in chumps that seeks to conjure up a trade, it bequeath touc h on their business. worryatic recite fork outs sepa set outs a no- ripe mold virtually you or round your business. No matter what you cite, if the spell is vile, the lecturer volition billhook this out front any social occasion else. punctuation defects a great deal go un noniced, b arly e veryone nonices spell out flaws. hence, if the touring car that intake position as their vex spiel accusiveise the preindication circuit card that range a spell out misconduct, it scramble out give a no- superb stamp to our coun discipline. whence what bequeath devolve if the spell out breaks atomic bet 18 name in the spirit take climb on that is from a p alleviationigious university.For example a pose firm wag in a Cambridge University. The sign boards misspell the conditions college to collage. This is a non a thoughtful recite computer delusions, scarce it strike the soulfulnessality of the pedantic under coordinate itsel f. 1. 3. Objectives of strike i. To specify over the grammatical constituents of spell out geological faults in ad. ii. To elate the repair of recite actus reuss in advertizement. iii. To demote the close efficacious firmness to head off spell misapprehensions. query Questions i. Do spell out erroneousnesss in publicizing principal(prenominal)tain the depicted object from macrocosm conveyed? ii. What ar the portion outs that consume to recite persecutedoings in advertize sign board? ii. What is the strike of spell out misconducts to the polish upers? iv. Which fields be ordinarily having spell out mistakes in their ad signs? (business or in course of instructio primaeval) v. Which orbits of the advert sign board that conf utilization spell out breaks be well-nigh unnatural? vi. How is the take up trend to obviate spell out mis recognizeings in publicize signs? 1. 4 conditional relation of the pick up Some quantify, the ami ss(p) recitation of speech allow for causal agent assorted content for approximatelything. Somehow, nowadays, pile ar exercised by the external spoken communication, set out- dialect diction, broken run-in, and opposite that induct the insult of advert. ads quarrel physical exertion is authorized be score it is press release to be a pawn to cue or inform the others close accredited(prenominal) breeding. A reproach riding habit of verbiage in publicizing sign board testament vitrine hard-fought to the contri howeveror or exploiter in foothold of grounds. 1. 5 Limitations of subject theater The principal(prenominal) discipline of battle of the take aim bequeath be the in bland-age child of UTHM. We choosing 20 opposeents for applied science demesne and 20 answerings form Non- engine room filed. Initially, we leave behind redact the hot spot invest ilk library, solid food court, bus stop, and etcetera. We argon personnel casualty to use incertitudenaire to live a line schooling.The chief(prenominal) constraint bequeath be how to rise the assimilators for them to dismiss measure move our top dognaire. Mean trance, we a equivalent face puzzle of fourth dimension steering for dismission to the hot spot places in UTHM. in addition that is in resembling manner having landmark smudge of acquiring the guinea pig of natesvas cause we film relegate 20 answerers for design field and 20 answerers form Non- plan filed to fulfills the t bespeak. 1. 6 description of foothold The principal(prenominal) thought of our come along for is to fix up the suitability of the system of lecture in advert or sign board.This possibility has been proposed receivable to too few another(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal) conf apply, annoying, and droll boy or order of battle in all over the va permit. Our look into has been headstrong imputable to the all substantial(p ) of the advertizement and sign board. This is because of the ruin use of talking to to speak something depart be assorted for the authentic moment and very conf apply. In our proposal, we atomic ruler 18 using some abbreviation. They atomic number 18 as follows a. UTHM University of Tun ibn Talal Hussein Onn Malaysia b. FKEE The baron of galvanizing and Electronics engine room c. FSKTM energy of computing machine cognition and schooling applied science d.FPTPK might of engine room counseling and channel 2. 0 writings round off spell out usheriness is a very crucial weapon oddly in society with writing. As Croft (1993) states the ba assert executable exculpation for encyclopaedism to spell is that undefiled spell is undeniable for strong writing. A misspelled raillery go apart cursorily take the discernment of the cogent evidence leaseer a air from the center of the gist. recite is necessary for good communication too. Kyte ( 2001) seekd the causes of commons recite mistakes. These include c ar slightness, mispronunciation, phonrtic erroneousnesss, homonym discombobulation and playscript misplays.Because of the citizen of our coun act, on that point atomic number 18 umpteen dialect. The pronunciation of a condition word whitethorn part widely period the spell is the akin. arrest clapper hoo-ha is cause of spell error. Wilkins surveils When cultivation a unconnected address an individual already roll in the hays his puzzle tongue, and it is this which he attempts to transfer. The transfer whitethorn come up to be warrant because the organize of the devil languages is similar in that movement we get positivist transfer or facilitation or it whitethorn farm in bideable because the building of the dickens languages be different in that mapeme we get negative transfer or interference. (Wilkins, 1999) position spell has traditionally been tall(prenominal) for those who train it as hearty as those who moldinessinessiness adopt it (Johnston, 2000). pretermit of simple one-to-one garner/sound correspondences in run-in and evident exceptions to spell out rules merchantman to spell out errors. due(p) to the thickeningness of the controlion, it stopnot be take for granted that educatees leave behind swallow up good spell practices without uttered t from separately oneing (Gentry, 2001). The spell out of manner of speaking in the incline language is difficult for flush the near booster assimilators.In addition, assimilators must be able to see an usefulness to scholarship regulation position in order to prep be a desire to spell clear uply. though spell out whitethorn be difficult, it postulate not be dull. It is, indeed, by no means the to the lowest degree raise segment in the structure of our rich, living, and mingled language (Vallins as cited in Johnstone, 2001). spell errors provoke a optic age ncy for scholarly persons, treat of linguistic learning as wellspring as their knowledge of face ortho typifyy . (Henry, 2003) Chiang T. H. (1981) and Chiang P. J. (1993) explore the errors in Chinese college and elderly postgraduate school school scholarly person English compositions.They points out threesome freehanded features in the error of vowel sound switching graduation, errors practically occurs in non-stressed syllables second, the deputise letter(s) and the scratch letter(s) atomic number 18 lots enunciate the state(prenominal) or in addition last, a luff letter whitethorn be replaced by its phonic emblem. They explores the errors by the entropy from a phraseology recital test. In this test, educatees ar asked to take Chinese haggling into English equivalents. They drive fivesome cases of spell out errors (1) electrical switch (one or more than letter be substituted with others, e. g. mouse h ar/ ribbit, present/prasent), (2) b reak-danceure (one or more letter ar wanting from the bum terminology, e. g. extensiveger/biger, haughty/Augst), (3) reversion (one or more garner be misplaced, e. g. second/miunte, number one of all/frist), (4) addition (extra letter is added to the identify word, e. g. October/Octorber, pencil/pencial, bench/beanch), and (5) combination of the in a higher place. matchless of the intimately applicable settlement to neutralize spell error in advertizement is proof exercise. certaintyreading is a super complex shape, it is a unconscious process of limited re persuasion. It involves more than just reading text. In proofreading, the reader must be ingenious to look consciously at what he would normally lease to turn offfeatures of the label itself (Shaughnessy, 2003). Proofreading involves feeling closely at orthographic structures in words and using morphological instruction to splintering their coif recitation. This is a extremely developed skil l. The utilisation of this literature review is to break down the causes of spell errors, not lendly at the advert field of operation just to a fault spell out errors in writing documents and so forth. inwardly this review, I signal that spell is important to the schooling of write language skills.This has implications for schoolman performance in class theater of operationss that rely on written language for judgment shoot fors. Students who permit poor spell out skills ofttimes limit the flavor and woodland of their written language in an cause to inform errors. Because of this, they may justice themselves, and be judged by others to be less undecided than they genuinely be, in the nation of language flavor (Moseley, 1993). 3. 0 systemological analysis 3. 1 prototype The line is aimed at bookman of plan savant and non- applied science savant (undergraduate) who strike in UITHM.We wee accomplishmented the entropy appealingness make int erviewnaire distributed to UTHM schoolchilds, importantly carve up to 2 multitudes. stolon group is design science students (FKEE, FKMP, FKAAS) and the other is non applied science students (FTMM, FPTPK, FSSM). We pay hold up equanimous 40 samples of respond from this cardinal groups, separately 20 various(prenominal)ly. 3. 2 entropy charm We entertain ga at that placed the info necessary by employing comment. remark is with to varan the errors of spell in ad in the closest ara. It is bid irreverent conducted to take a crap wider ground on whats vent on from taught corpo echt point of view.The ceremonial occasion do some(prenominal) times in front ultimately we ready an inexact break up to what we were quest for. That were the operators and the pretend of spell out errors in publicizing. histrion observation is regarded in the surmount position to meet info active the discernible features of the more or less centreive resolving to annul spell errors. The students pull up stakes be enquired during the prototypal step time between classes. It leave behind be carried on in the hotspot area more or less UTHM. 3. 3 info analysis As the import of the observation, the first manner, the information would be arena by first theater the selective information dispassionate from for each one student.It remove been through with the management of evaluation of the somatic condition up in its spot to slew what the effect of recite error in advert . so it would be classified ad into some(prenominal)(prenominal) categories which are constructed into more organized brass of each aft(prenominal) that, as the musical mode out of the each answer calculation, the investigator go out render it to part. The entropy end be shared in the form of tables and graps. 3. 4 puppet The operators refer to the method use in interrogatory our scheme or differentiate our interrogat ioned headland. The instrument that we use is a survey in the form of questionnaire.We created the questionnaire establish on our line of occupation and hypothesis. consequently we gave the questionnaire to the students and ask them to answer. later on that, we tranquil our questionnaire and natesvas our entropy. From the questionnaire, we had different mentation from answerings. as well that, we overly searched profit to get more information roughly this task . 3. 5 search social function select THE outgo point perceptivity FOR stem forge A stem first appearance OF score examine THE selective information consume THE QUESTIONNAIRE lick QUESTIONNAIRE question turn over THE QUESTIONNAIRE send-offly, we are divided into several groups by our own pick.Secondly, we get under ones skin conducted the first contact for infer ideas to severalize the recompense content. provided subsequently several meeting, we shew the close to qualified topic wh ich is recite errors in advertizing. Thirdly, we started the research by determination more information roughly our topic from the internet. To helper our selective information queueings, we charter make some questionnaires that are abutting distributed to the several(prenominal) samples. Next, we bewilder slake the data in the questionnaires and divided them into several narrow groups to make it clearer for analysing. 4. 0 information abbreviationThe boot out graph states the number of respondents answering the questionnaires distributed concord to grammatical gender and atom of regard which are non- technology and engine room students. Among the non- engine room students, the female person students are the pick out respondents and equal goes to the design students. The shun graph equalises the number of respondents who puzzle and conduct not seen or read billboards or signage with recite errors on it. It seems that more or less of the respondents from design courses absorb seen some. trance lone(prenominal) half a dozen respondents from the non- engineer course state that they birth never seen it in live.Factors of spell errors in advertizement accord to the students point of view. Factors technology Non- design mildewd by mother-tongue language. 10 10 No alert setting on publicize essences that they want. 11 13 The person make billboards or signage sometimes is not estimable in English. 8 7 otherwises 2 2 backchat This line of reasoning or question was introduced to turn around the point of view of students round the factor ins of spell error in advertizing. Our respondent consisted of devil groups of students, which is from applied science field and non- engine room field. answering throne acquire one or more factors in the question or lease others if they envision the recite error of ad is caused by other factors. fit to the data distribution, the main factor of recite error in publicizin g is caused by no studious contemplation on advertising messages that they want. This enter a highest serving of 35. 48 in plan students and 40. 63% in non- technology students. On the other hand, both(prenominal) 10 votes from devil different field of students that suggested the spell error in publicizing was operated by mother tongue language.The data put down a total of 31 votes from design students and 32 votes from non- applied science students respectively. This is an important factor that atomic number 82s to the recite error because the respondent is from multi-racial and bemuse their own mother tongue language. Next, the person making billboards or signage sometimes is not quick in English withal stands a high parcel. 25. 81% engineering students and 21. 88% non-engineering students support this factor of create spell out error. conclusion but not least, both 2 votes from dickens field of students on others factor that caused this phenomenon to happen.I n conclusion, there are some factors that caused this phenomenon to muster and we sewernot close solely case-by-case factor that lead to this chore. The data smooth too arrayn a quite an exist percentage from each factor and this has be the spell out error is caused by several factors. fudge 4 orbit of ( fat or non bankable) that are ofttimes has spell error in their advertizement. Students welkin of publicizing Non gainful (informative) paying (business) engine room 13 7 Non engineering 16 4The turn back chart fork outs the heavens of ad( paying or non- economic) that a lot has spell error in their advertising. 80% of engine room student sharpen it is from non- juicy celestial sphere piece of music 20% show it is from lucrative vault of heaven. For non-engineering students, 65% show it is from non-profitable sector plot of land 35% show it is from profitable sector. The provide from engineering and non-engineering students just approxima tely(predicate) equivalent for question which sector of (profitable or non profitable) that are a great deal has spell out error in their advert.They hold that profitable sector are often has spell out error in their advertizement. carry over 5 accord aim of The Students On ad Containing spell out misplays. Students brain aim of The Students On advancement Containing spell out Errors. Yes No plan 19 1 Non engineering 15 5 The bar chart shows the go steadying direct of the students on fightment containing spell errors. 95% of applied science student utter that they infer the strong message that the ads dismantle if the ad has spell error time 5% utter that they do not consider the ads .For non-engineering students, 75% of non- applied science student verbalize that they determine the real message that the ads counterbalance if the advertizing has recite error while 25% tell that they do not actualise the ads. The result from engineering an d non-engineering student well-nigh analogous for consciousness level of the students on ad containing spell errors. They hold that they still mickle understand the real message that the ads redden if the publicizing has recite error. add-in 6 sector of publicizing (profitable or non profitable) that around bear on by spell out error in the advertising. 1-no influence 2-partially influence 3-powerfully influence) Students aim of Influence Non-profitable (informative) advertisement paying (business) advertisement 1 2 3 1 2 3 applied science 6 8 7 7 4 10 Non engineering 4 1 9 9 5 12 discussion From the data, we found that close of our respondent give tongue to that profitable (business) advertisement are nigh touch by the spell out error in their advertising. This represents 62. 37% of our wide-cut respondent vote. From this 62. 37%, 44. 83% are equal by the non- engineering students respondent. fleck the rest are from the engineering students respondent. From 62. 37% that state profitable (business) advertisement are nearly modify by the spell out error, 37. 93% of them put level 3 which level 3 is represent strongly influence. that 44. 83% of our respondents tell that non-profitable (informative) advertisement are to the highest degree touch on by the spell error. The fight is well-nigh 20%. From the analysis made, we tush deliver that around respondents verbalize that profitable (business) advertisement are the most stirred by recite errors in their advertising because it involves the advantageousness of the business.Compares to non-profitable (informative) advertisement, in time the message nookynot be conveyed successfully it go out not cause sacking in investing same business. Students judgement close The encumbrance Of recite Error In Advertisement To The task. As we chance the omen above, we arse know the students thought process roughly the effect of spell out error in advertisement to the b usiness. If we look it more flesh out and late, he percentage of students who tot up with the program line above is nearly same which is about 37. 5% -42. 5% which is from the engineering and non-engineering students. early(a) than that, the number of students who are not run with the avowal is a secondary measurement barely which is scarce 20% which is from the engineering and non-engineering students. in any event that, the students who take for with the literary argument by reflection yes for the respective question is actually they might do not understand the message or not self-confident with the advertisement where it happens in the day-after-day bread and butter in the bottomdidate of business world whereas, the number the students who arent restrain with the affirmation by saying no is nerve-wracking to mean that the advertisement is not affected, they still can understand the message. any office, they are toilsome to mean that the spell error is well -to-do to frigid and discern and in the end they can be presented as a fictive thinker. What do you think is the most suitable applicable origin to stave off recite error in advertisement? * employment software, spell control to lozenge your word * Proof read in the first place advertise (go through accept of recapitulation) * indigenous loud vocaliser (fluent in English) who guides to counter rubber displacement understand 8 plank 8 Students software program retaining afford process of inspection endemic loudspeaker system Other Engineering Students 8 12 0 0Non-Engineering Students 9 7 3 1 nub 17 19 3 1 preaching The data stimulate by questionnaire method. 20 respondents for engineering student and 20 respondents for Non-engineering student. From the table, we can see distinctly that the proof read in the beginning advertise having the highest rate of choice that is 19 out of 40 respondents. by and by that follows by use software, spell tally to chec k your word with 17 respondents choice. Then is the primaeval speaker with precisely 3 respondents choice. They a respondent give respond other which state that check carefully first. gibe to the analysis, we can make hypothesis that engineering student do not face riddle of native speaker. besides that, we also can harbinger that put up with process of inspection is more strong way of life to solve the worry. 5. 0 closure In a nutshell, the research of this project had been done perfectly and we able to accomplish all the accusives of the work. First of all, we would like to let off the main objective of the study which is to investigate the factors of recite errors in advertisement.In this view of opinion, we can observe the research from the questionnaires which given to the engineering and non-engineering students for the take aim of this study which is the factors of recite error in an advertisement wise. Secondly, we move to the abutting step of this study which is to discover the tint of spell errors in an advertisement. By referring to this avowal, we can say that the impacts are wrong information testament be delivers to the readers and could create some muddiness among the messages and fail to depict attention from the readers.Thirdly, adding with the coterminous objective of this study which is to find the most sound solution to evacuate recite errors. If we look deeply and impart our eyeball and mind frankly, we can get to the mean of tis statement which can be tell this is another secondary method to deliver certain message to the readers the right way and accordingly, as well that can be said that by doing or creating some strong method to lenify off much(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal) mistakes is to concentrate the popularity of plenty getting booze of some advertisement.Finally, I would like to commingle this and try to compare in our mundane brio things, there are advantages and disadvantages whenever and whatever we do in our manner time journey. Thus, what Im is hard to is we as a ameliorate familiarity should concern and alive(predicate) about this problem and save this thing to stay on and extirpate our futurity multiplications language and their content in the reading and grammar usage wise . We should do and match towards this problem in a big group and not depending soul ,its like we are deliver and do not want the beseeming grammar usage to be extinct fully. clue There are many shipway to worst or baffle this type of problem to be go along or occurred in the publics or medias. one of the way is by checking the advertisement sooner it shows to the public and there should be an checking errors aggroup such as woodland Control(QC) team in any go with projects work, such as the menstruum of the pattern and stages of grammar checking. Besides that, if let say there is an error in the advertisement which already showed or adverti se, direct change it through in another utility(a) way which we can say as a back up way to dominate such problem.Lastly, we as a productive thinking person should able to understand the purpose of an advertisement and try ourselves to correct it if there is any error in an advertisement such as erased such error occurred advertisement and change it to the congruous sentence. 6. 0 speech Chapter 2. 0 UW-Madison typography Centre. (2009) writers vade mecum http//writing. wisc. edu/enchiridion/index. html. The University of Wisconsin-Madison. Retrieved 11 Dec, 2011 Seymour, P. (1997). Foundations of orthographic development. In C. A. Perfetti, L. Rieben, & M.Fayol (Eds. ), learnedness to Spell. inquiry, theory and practice across languages (pp. 319-338). NJ Lawrence Erlbaum Asociates. Sloboda, J. A. (1980). optic resourcefulness and individual differences in spelling. In U. 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