Monday, December 17, 2018
'Sarah Busi Ms. Roach Honors American Literature 12 March 2013 scourge Houdini: humankindÃ¢â¬â¢s Greatest Magician Ã¢â¬Å"Remembered for his ability to send from bonds and containers, Houdini is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most disadvantageouslyustrious legerdemainian, and his material body is instantly recognized, although he died over 70 days agoÃ¢â¬Â (Ã¢â¬Å" nark 1Ã¢â¬Â). blight Houdini was a good deal more than any ordinary conjuror a mother might hire for their childÃ¢â¬â¢s birthday party. When integrity thinks of raise Houdini, the furthest social function from their mind would be the cliched pulling a rabbit out of a hat or amateur card tricks.Houdini forced his audience to head teacher reality with his outstanding and incomprehensible ability to accommodate the impossible possible. During the 1920s, crime, gangster activity, and racial discrimination were at their peak, but gravel Houdini was able to offset virtu solely toldy of those harsh realities by en tertaining and fascinating hoi polloi using the mystery and illusion of his magic tricks. kick up HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s early life influenced and sparked his interest in entertainment and magic.The Weiss family, consisting of Mayer Samuel, Cecilia Steiner Weiss, and their five children, were originally from Budapest, Hungary and later immigrated to Appleton, Wisconsin (Higbee). arouse Houdini was born on March 24, 1874 (Ã¢â¬Å" harry 2Ã¢â¬Â). Harry HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s father, a rabbi proposed Mayer Samuel, did non unavoidably agree with his sonÃ¢â¬â¢s interest in magic, but when Harry was sixteen, his father passed away, and he matt-up free to pursue his passion as a career. HarryÃ¢â¬â¢s brother, Theodore Hardeen, born Ferencz Deszo Weiss, supported him to kick-start his career by becoming his magic assistant.The duo became known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Houdini BrothersÃ¢â¬Â (Higbee). Houdini later met Wilhelmina Beatrice Ã¢â¬Å"BessÃ¢â¬Â Rahner, and two weeks later, he made her hi s wife. Bess was besides in the entertainment business as a struggling singer, so she stubborn to help her economize with his magic career. Although she replaced Theodore, Bess made a great magic assistant because she could sing, dance, and she was light weight (Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 1Ã¢â¬Â). To most, magic is vindicatory a hobby, but instead, Harry Houdini decided to pursue his passion and was really thought-provoking to accommodate the best in his craft. HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s premier exposure to magic was when his father took him to see Dr.Lynn, a rubing magician, who used butcher knives to cut off the limbs and head of a victim in a cabinet. Harry Houdini was thereafter infatuated with magic. Ã¢â¬Å"At the age of 12, Houdini ran away from home to find a job and help support his family. When he returned, he greeted his mother with, Ã¢â¬Å" plump up me, IÃ¢â¬â¢m magic. Ã¢â¬Â As his mother agitate him, coins flew from his body; this was HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s first magic trick. Ã¢â¬Â The young, aspiring magician educated himself primarily with books. Revelations of Spirit long suit by A. Medium exposed the tricks of fake psychics, and The Memoirs of Robert-Houdin was the chronicle of HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s mentor and inspiration. At the age of seventeen, Erich Weiss changed his constitute to Harry Houdini after Harry Kellar, American magician, and jean Eugene Robert-Houdin, from whom Houdini took his surname and added the letter Ã¢â¬ËiÃ¢â¬â¢. Houdini had written, Ã¢â¬Å"From the moment I began to study the art, he became my guide and hero. I asked secret code more of life than to become in my commerce like Robert-HoudinÃ¢â¬Â (Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 1Ã¢â¬Â). Harry HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s thirty-five year magic career was very successful and his well-known, outrageous stunts made him the legendary magician we know him as today. unitary of HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s first performances got him the name the Ã¢â¬Å"King of Cards. Ã¢â¬Â He was obviously a keen magician but he perform ed simple tricks that got inferior reviews (Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 1Ã¢â¬Â). For about seven years, Houdini worked downhearted shows and labored in obscurity. He was on the verge of reevaluating his career when he was given his big gap on vaudeville by theater master, Martin Beck. Beck became HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s manager and helped the young magician get nationally notoriety. This was a wide leap from the twenty-five horse a week Harry had been previously making. This was a huge turning point for his career (Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 4Ã¢â¬Â). Harry joined the Society of American Magicians (S. A. M. ) in 1904, an organization established in 1902 by superior and amateur conjurers who shared a viridity interest in publicizing mystery attractions and share-out their tricks at monthly meetings. Ã¢â¬Â Houdini resigned two weeks later because of disagreements regarding his magazine. Harry Houdini and S. A. M. eventually reconciled their differences and Harry not just rejoined the group, but was readmit ted as an honorary member in 1912 and was later even elected president, which was a huge honor to Houdini (Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 1Ã¢â¬Â).He sailed to England in the pass of 1900 where he began his first international arrest. Upon returning to the fall in States in 1905, he was feeling pressure to become bigger and better. Houdini toured for the next ten years, constantly decision slipway to stay in the public sum and push his abilities to their limits (Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 4Ã¢â¬Â). But Harry was smart. He knew that his vaudeville tours would not last incessantly so he started finding alternative ways to further his career. He began appearing in silent hires such as Master Mystery and crud Game.This as well as sparked his idea to found the Houdini Picture society in 1921. The production company debuted its first film the Man From Beyond (Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 5Ã¢â¬Â). other venture that Harry Houdini was particularly proud of was the seerÃ¢â¬â¢s Monthly Magazine (Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 3Ã¢â¬Â). Harry Houdini is known for his death-defying stunts and flows and his ability to entertain and jerking his audience which is why he is considered to be one of the forefathers of magic and illusions. Houdini had two fundamental types of tricks: illusions and escapes.For example, early on in his career, Harry realized that most shackles open with the same key. He then took this lead and began to encourage the members of his audience to bring their own handcuffs to lock him into for a sense of believability. This became known as his Ã¢â¬Å"Challenge Handcuff ActÃ¢â¬Â. But later on in his career, his escapes became more and more outrageous. On January 7, 1906, Harry Houdini established himself as a professional magician by escaping from the jail cell of chairwoman GarfieldÃ¢â¬â¢s assassin, Charles Guiteau, in Washington DC.Houdini was stripped down, searched, and locked up in the cell. Not only did he escape from the cell, he also retrieved his clothes that were locked in a dif ferent cell, redressed, and switched eight other prisoners to different cells, all in 21 minutes. This stunt was coined, the Ã¢â¬Å"Naked prison house Test EscapeÃ¢â¬Â. Harry Houdini then decided to take his escape skills to the next level by challenging himself to get out of a straitjacket. sure as shooting enough, the master escape artist was able to do it, but how? thither are theories that Harry had to slew his shoulder in order to get slack.Or mayhap another, and more likely theory, is that Harry expanded his chest and strained against the body straps. While those are just examples of HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous escapes, he is also known for being an illusionist as well. One of HarryÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous illusions was the Ã¢â¬Å"Vanishing ElephantÃ¢â¬Â which became such a hit, that Houdini go on to perform it on his tour for nineteen weeks. It first debuted on January 7, 1918 when HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s 10,000 cud elephant, Jenni, walked into an empty cabinet with a door on the back and a curtain in front. 2 seconds later, Jenni had disappeared. Needless to say, Houdini left the audience dumbfounded.Unfortunately, however, during HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s tour on October 22, 1926, students from McGill University asked if Houdini could withstand a blow to the stomach. onward Harry had any time to brace himself for the hit, J. Gordon punched the famous magician three times causing his accompaniment to rupture. Harry survived but not for much longer. A few weeks later he fell ill from streptococcus peritonitis (an inflammation of the abdominal cavity) and died on October 31, 1926. Harry HoudiniÃ¢â¬â¢s mysterious illusions and risky escapes caught the circumspection of people all over the world, and he continued to entertain them for the early part of the 1920s.As the forefather of magic, Harry Houdini set the stage for future, aspiring magicians to try to go above and beyond his already extreme tricks. There have been comparable stunts from magicians, such a s Chris backer and David Blane more recently, but Harry was the first to support the impossible possible. For that he will forever be known as the greatest magician of not only the 1920s, but the greatest magician of all time. Works Cited Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 1 Houdini. Ã¢â¬Â American Decades. Ed. Judith S. Baughman, et al. Detroit: Gale, 1998. annals In Context. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 2 Houdini. cyclopaedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Biography In Context. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 3 Houdinis Magic. Ã¢â¬Â American Decades Primary Sources. Ed. Cynthia Rose. Vol. 1: 1900-1909. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 33-37. Biography In Context. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. Ã¢â¬Å"Harry 4 Houdini. Ã¢â¬Â St. James encyclopaedia of Popular Culture. Ed. Sara Pendergast and Tom Pendergast. Detroit: St. James Press, 2000. Biography In Context. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. Higbee, Joan F. Ã¢â¬Å"Houdini: A biographical Chronology. Ã¢â¬Â Houdini: A Biographical Chronology. Oct. 1996: n. p. SIRS Government Reporter. Web. 22 Feb 2013.\r\n'