Wednesday, March 13, 2019

Micro: Learning and Lesson Plan Essay

1.0 IntroductionOn 6 November 2012, corresponding to the determination Tuesday, I puzzle been conducting micro program line trials on the topic of acquisition Needs and Wants d ext decisionstairs chapter unmatch fit, the Commerce Syllabus Form 4, on 30 prospective t separatelyers who coiffure as students in Form 4. My nett micro program line was held on 3rd January 2013 with the akin topic and objectives. This microteaching was carried out for 15 minutes below the supervision of my lecturers, Mr. Suthagar a / l Narasuman. Microteaching trial is compulsory for all in all prospective teachers who took this course.In find the rotation and chapter that should be taught in microteaching sessions was turn backd by voting under the supervision of our chief, Nor Hafriza. We mediocre called her as Fiza. She was the head that is very responsible and consecrate in solving our problems connect to this course. by and by(prenominal) the voting, I found that Im very fortunate to have had a first cultivate and first subtopic in syllabus Perdagangan Form 4 for trial and final session. After a some weeks, Fiza has received approval from our lecturer, Mr. Suthagar to choose our throw sub-topics that bequeath be taught during microteaching. This is very nice neverthe slight I intract satisfactory to hap the title was elected during the voting session.2.0 Initial Feelings / ReactionI would be lying if I said that the microteaching was easy. To be honest, I was highly nervous when it was assigned, non because of the fake that would be required to bother it done, but because of the actual teaching the caste. I was more afraid to teach my own friends than the actual high school class that I have and pull up s repulses be assigned to. The reasoning behind this is that it is alship croupeal said that stand up in straw man of ones peers is quite perchance the hardest thing to do. They atomic number 18 the people that be around you the most and tell a part you I bit more personally than say, a class. Yes, a class does get to jazz you as soundly, but it is not on the equal level as in this microteaching. There is some sort of connective a class has because we all know exactly what to expect from one another and we judge, we lotnot help it, it just happens.We may not necessarily be trying to judge, but it is in our nature and it should be when it keep downs to something like microteaching because we are all trying to learn a little something from one another. For trial, I have bone upd a lesson image that teacher-centred, where as I leave a abstemious ex formulateation of human trains and desires as well as the differences amongst them. After that, the students are asked to answer an exercise provided. After a few minutes, I choose students at random to give the right answer orally. I was the first students to run this trial and after figureing the comments from Mr. Suthagar, it clearly shows that my lack was regarding involvement of students in the process of teaching and learning. When beginning this trial microteaching journey, the first hurdle that I had to jump all everywhere was the dreaded lesson plans.Before this class, I had an experience to write a lesson plan during me as a backup teacher. However, during that metre Im just write the lesson plan base on my understanding and without the trus iirthy knowledge. When lecture about the lesson, I had practiced it in front of my roommates and some friends and I knew it just was not difference to be the same as in the class. One of the biggest things that I had to worry about besides the enlighten discharge was my time management. I did not desire to get into a federal agency where I would have so much time left over and then have nothing to talk about. So, my lesson did end up going as planned and I actually had more stuff that I could have said if the buzzer had not gone off. another(prenominal) friends who are implemented their tr ial on the first day which is together with me as well facing a lack and problem more or less the same. However, in that respect is also a classmate who is able to provide activities that invade students and it is a very good sample and washbasin be an example for me in the future. Friends who implement micro teaching trial in the conterminous weeks started to change and show the improvement to teach using students centred approach. However there is still a lack of attentive in a few friends and they are still continuing their micro teaching trial based on teacher-centred approach.3.0 Process of Designing and Delivering LessonBased on my experience, the process in introductioning to delivering my lesson is not too complicated. For me, the most important things were the lesson plan and activities that I provide conduct during the microteaching. I realize that there is a outline to grooming a lesson. There were certain aspects of the lesson plan, such as the goals and obje ctives that helped me centralize on my lesson, as well as making for sure that each activity I had planned was relevant and effective. Writing a lesson plan gave me a chance to think through each aspect and give way sure that there were no holes. Even though I matte up prepared going into the classroom, there is only so much planning and preparation that is possible. There go out always be things that will come up, such as random student responses or questions that I will not have prepared for. Learning how to deal with situations such as those will come with time and experience. Generally, there is many benefit of having a lesson plan. It allows you to manage your time, effort and resources efficiently. It also provides the teacher many ways to keep the teaching process not monotonous and redundant.We fatality to keep in mind that the attention of our students and pupils is just equivalent to half of their age and a lesson is the best way to keep the interests of students and pupils interests all throughout. Since it is like a manus in movies, lesson plans gets teaching mundane and easy and it makes you organized whilst teaching. We can able to determine when to insert icebreakers and interesting facts and lessons to keep our student and pupils glued to their lessons. Other than that, the variations in the activities are slowly whipped out which will benefit our students. withstand in mind that we are transaction with a class that has twofold intelligent and different activities will cater to all types of students and pupils. Lesson plans will easily help you to achieve your goals and objectives, and same can be said on the part of your students or pupils. It also gives us a reality harbor of our everyday performance and we can improve the habit and attitude of our students and our teaching skills.Lesson plans is vital in teaching, it gives us the guide we destiny to pull through. accommodate in mind that teaching is a difficult since we are dea ling with children or teenagers with raw skills, knowledge, and wisdom. It clearly shows that with lesson plans we will be able to get the things they need to do the best of our abilities. When we are new to teaching, a detailed lesson plan is essential because it gives us confidence. By thought of all the steps, all the procedures, all the materials needed, all the types of interactions that faculty take place along with predicting the time each activity will last, we get the feeling of being put in for the lesson. By thoroughly planning a lesson, we reduce the chances of being caught off-guard, something that can be very frustrating to any teacher, but that can be especially difficult to those new to the job. No matter how long weve been teaching, its always important to ask ourselves questions like these as we plan, reflect and work to plan a lesson.What will my students have knowing after this lesson is over? What will they be able to do by the end of it that they werent a ble to do to begin with? How will this lesson help them progress in their learning? Most important, how will I help them to get there? When planning lessons, besides considering what I will talk about, how I will talk about it and what materials I will use as I talk about it, I try to predict possible difficulties and questions the students might have so I can be ready to spoken language those. This helps me fit the lesson within the bigger picture of the term and the content I am supposed to cover. I reflect on the balance between types of activities and types of learners. That will makes me calmer before teaching. More than planned, I am prepared. In finish the lesson plan, Im choosing to use a returning(prenominal) mapping design. reversed design is a method of designing educational course of instruction by sicting goals before choosing instructional methods and forms of assessment. reversive design of curriculum typically involves three stages which are identify the resul ts desired, determine acceptable levels of evidence that mount that the desired results have occurred and design activities that will make desired results happen. Backward design challenges traditional methods of curriculum planning. In traditional curriculum planning, a list of content that will be taught is created and/or selected. In backward design, Im as a future educator starts with goals, creates or plans out assessments and finally makes lesson. My goals subtopic of needs and wants were express meaning of needs and wants, fall upon between needs and wants and sketch the Maslows Hierarchy of Needs.Supporters of backward design liken the process to using a road map. In this case, the destination is chosen first and then the road map is apply to plan the trip to the desired destination. In contrast, in traditional curriculum planning there is no formal destination identified before the journey begins. The idea in backward design is to teach toward the end point or learning g oals, which typically ensures that content taught remains center and organized. This, in turn, aims at promoting better understanding of the content or processes to be learned for students. Im able to focus on addressing what the students need to learn, what data can be collected to show that the students have learned the desired outcomes and how to ensure the students will learn.4.0 Personal ReflectionIn my opinion, the skills I used during my session were regarding voice projection, communication and classroom management. Im asked a few friends about my voice projection and I get a positive answer that my voice is very clear. I know that teachers voice needs to be effective in a variety of deal. As a teacher, I need to be audible. Students at the back of the class must be able to hear my voice as well as those at the front. I need a voice which projects well and appropriately in all these circumstances and which is also pleasant to listen to. I think that teachers do not have to shout to be heard or to make students understood. unspoiled voice projection is more important than volume. Speaking too light or unpleasantly loudly is both irritating and unhelpful for students. expressive voices, used in an imaginative way, draw students in and make them want to pay attention and listen. If such a voice has quality and liveliness, they will be motivated to attend, participate and learn. Regarding communication skills, Im sure that Im good in that during my microteaching session because Im able to explain the content of lesson using methods that my students can understand. Communication can help me better interact with students.A teachers mogul to communicate on all levels will help students who progress at different paces. Actually, I think that Im cannot fully put on my teaching skills because the time provided only 15 minutes. However, Im already trying my best to complete my microteaching. As an attention grabber or consequence limit, Im using my bridal cloth and a medical specialty to show interconnection between needs and wants. During the microteaching session, I have seen that i can attract my students attention to the lesson. Im prepared two activities to be completed in 15 minutes includes my intro and summaries. The activities were initiation that Im already gives a week before and a game that I called as spontan. During the time provided, Im able to complete all activities as planned and give a write exercise regarding the topic lesson.In completing this session, Im choosing cooperative learning. accommodating learning, which will be the primary focus of the class, is a precise kind of collaborative learning. In cooperative learning, students work together in small groups on a structured activity. They are individually responsible for their work, and the work of the group as a whole is also assessed. Cooperative groups work face-to-face and learn to work as a team. In small groups, students can share strengths and al so develop their weaker skills. They develop their interpersonal skills. They learn to deal with conflict. When cooperative groups are guided by clear objectives, students engage in numerous activities that improve their understanding of subjects explored. In golf club to create an environment in which cooperative learning can take place, three things are necessary. First, students need to feel safe, but also challenged. Second, groups need to be small enough that everyone can contribute.Third, the task students work together on must be clearly defined. The cooperative and collaborative learning techniques presented here should help make this possible for teachers. The most important things that settle my teaching design and delivery were about instructional strategies and the knowledgeableness set in order to attract students attention. Im realizing that in this century, I need to focus more on students. So, I must prepare a lesson plan or activities that used students centred i nstructional strategies. Student-centred teaching methods discharge the focus of activity from the teacher to the learners. Student-centred methods have repeatedly been shown to be master to the traditional teacher-centred approach to instruction, a conclusion that applies whether the assessed outcome is short-term mastery, long-term retention, or depth of understanding of course material, acquisition of critical thinking or creative problem-solving skills, formation of positive attitudes toward the subject being taught or level of confidence in knowledge or skills. Induction set also importance in teaching.I know that set induction is the important part those teachers always do at the beginning of teaching and learning process. The objective of set induction is to encourage the students to attract and make them concentrate their attention towards teachers presentation. The most effective ways to present set induction by using teaching aids, related situation with the lesson, mot ivation, questioning technique, revision of related topic and much more. Then, we can relate with the topic that we will teach them at that day. In determine good set induction we must know it is suitable with their efficiency and also experience. Also the activity ought to relate closely to the lesson content that follows.5.0 conclusionFrom this microteaching experience, I have learned more than I could imagine. It gave me the practice I needed in constructing lesson plans and finally getting up in front of the class and teaching not just reading off a project. I am more aware of watching out for discipline issues because they are constantly in the back of my mind and I am constantly looking out for them. I feel that I am much more confident going my practicum now that I have completed the microteaching and it has allowed me to start thinking about what to expect in the class. I have come to find out that when in a classroom, anything is possible, so I have to be ready.References Burden, P. R., & Byrd, D. M. (2013). Methods for Effective Teaching (6th ed.). Upper blame River, NJ Pearson/Prentice-Hall.Cruickshank, D.R. Bainer, D.L. and Metcalf, K.K. (1999). The Act of Teaching, 2nd Edition. Boston McGraw Hill College

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