Friday, May 3, 2019

Environmental Ruin in Nigeria by Foreign Oil Corparations Essay

Environmental Ruin in Nigeria by Foreign fossil crude oil Corparations - Essay ExampleIt causes disruption of human, animal and plant populations. Pollution caused by dumping of oil molder is a major threat to biodiversity. The effect of oil spillage on the marine life cannot be ignored. Both the physical properties and chemical properties of the oil have caused the death of many marine flora and wildcat (Agyeman, 424). Introduction Nigeria, being a major oil producer, has not escaped these predicaments. The case is abundantly clear in the Niger delta region of Nigeria where oil mining is mostly practiced. Farmers have watched their source of livelihood taken away by oil befoulment. Many of the tribes around are traditionally anglers, but the oil spillage has caused big reduction in number of fish in the river Niger. Nigeria is the land that has been endowed with both fertile untaught lands and a rich oil resource. Major oil companies, including Shell, established mines in this country in 1950s. Since then, the oil mining activities have slowly damaged the natural habitats of the country through pollution of water, land and air. The do have been this extensive that the livelihood of the Ogoni people who have lived in the Niger Delta for over 500 years is threatened. This subject focuses on how failure of the government to enact policies guarding the degradation of the environment has contributed to the state of environment in the Niger delta. ... soil water has become contaminated and the people cannot dig up wells to get drinking water. pelting is also not safe to drink, as it falls in the form of acidic fall. This acidic rain greatly reduces the fertility of the soil, making it inviable for agricultural production. It is unfortunate that there is no piped water for people quick in the region. Human right activists say that the foreign oil company has taken the peoples right to access to safe water. The government has instituted legislations tha t require mud drilled from mines to be confined in wells or landfills, avoiding seepage in developed countries. The Nigerian government lacks such legislation, and the foreign conjunction dumps its drilling wastes directly into the rivers. Air pollution Oil mining has largely contributed to the air pollution in the area around the Niger delta. Flaring of natural gas methane is conducted near peoples homes, producing vitamin C dioxide fumes and soot. The release of this gas causes a lot of pollution associated with diseases, such as asthma and lung cancer. This alight(p) has also caused stunted growth of dresss in nearby farms. This is because the soot settles on the leaves of plant inhibiting photosynthesis and transpiration, and this has caused reduced crop yields from nearby farms. Oil spills and wastelands The most evident type of pollution is land pollution that is caused by oil spills. Oil spills causes degradation of the top soil by leaching of nutrients and adding toxic c hemicals in the soil, making them contrary for plant growth. This oil spills cause destruction of vegetation and pollutes water, if released in the water bodies. There are several(prenominal)

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